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What are the Brass Instruments? (Smallest bell to Biggest bell)
Trumpet, Trombone, French Horn, Tuba
The most common percussion instrument in an orchestra are the ________, which are also called the ________________.
Timpani used to be hand-tuned, but now players can tune them accurately and quickly by using a ________ which controls the degree of tension in the head.
A roto-tom can be tuned by either __________ the drum on its stand or by pressing a ______.
A set of tubular bells contains up to ___ tubes, whereas the orchestra _______________ contains a set of up to ___ steel bars.
25, glockenspiel, 42
The xylophone, tubular bells, glockenspiel, marimba, and chimes are all examples of "________"(or "beater") instruments.
The marimba is an octave _______ than the xylophone, and its keys are made from the ______, softer part of a log. The marimba (is/isn't) a standard orchestral instrument.
lower, outer, isn't
Xylophones and _______________ have vertical tubes called _____________ beneath a set of bars.
The vibraphone resembles the _______________, but it is an __________ instrument. At the top of each resonating tube is a __________ _____ which gives the instrument its ____________ sound.
xylophone, electric, rotating disc, throbbing
The tube of a brass instrument widens into a ________ ______, which affects the _____ of the instrument, and also helps to ___________ the sound forward.
flared bell, tone, project
All brass instruments can be played with ________, devices which fit into the bell of the instrument and soften the sound.
Although the trombone had been in use since around _______, its first appearance in an actual symphony occurred in _____________ Fifth Symphony.
The most frequent use of the tuba in the orchestra is as a ______ for the brass section; but it may also be used to strengthen the ________ basses or lower ___________.
bass, double, woodwinds
Flutes are made in three sections called ________. a) ______ _________ b)______ _________ c)______ _________
joints, head joint, body joint, foot joint
The bass clarinet is ______ the length of the clarinet and its metal bell curves _________ to project the sound of the low notes outward.
The first known oboe dates from ______B.C., and the modern oboe dates from between ______ and ______.
2800, 1800, 1882
The tube of the bassoon is about __ feet long, which is about four times as long as that of the oboe.
The contrabassoon is also known as the _________ bassoon and has the same fingerings. Its tubing is ______ as long as the tubing of a bassoon.
What are the instruments that compile a Woodwind Quintet?
oboe, english horn, french horn, flute, bassoon
_________ or _________ the strings makes them vibrate, and each vibrating string produces a different range of notes.
The Italian word for the plucking of strings with the fingers or thumb of the right hand is called ___________. Another effect is called ___________, in which the bow is moved very quickly back and forth across the strings.
Moving a finger up the strings ________ the length that vibrates, and the note gets _________. Moving it ______ the string makes the note _______.
shortens, higher, down, lower
All bows consist of strands of ____________ or _______ stretched between the tip and the frog.
The strands of the bow are rubbed with _______, which makes them sticky so that they grip the string and cause it to vibrate.
The ________ is the smallest instrument of the string family and produces the ___________ notes.
The double bass's sloping ________ make it easier for the left hand to reach the lower part of the fingerboard.
Choral works such as _________ and _________ require a large choir or chorus in addition to an orchestra.
Most orchestral music composed about two centuries ago requires around ___ players, whereas some music of the late 19th and 20th centuries calls for more than _____ musicians.
Why are the musicians in the center and at the sides and back of the orchestra raised on tiers?
so that they can see the conductor easily
What is the name of the orchestra which performs "Concerto in Pieces" on our CD?
The BBC Symphony Orchestra
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