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acute onset/fluctuating behavior + inattention + disorganized thinking OR altered level of conciseness
What is the DSM criteria for delirium?
complex tasks, reasoning, spatial orientation, language
4 areas of learning/memory impairment in a demented pt
Acute change in mental status which fluctuates throughout the day, accompanied by emotional disturbances and/or hallucinations
dementia with Lewy bodies
Pt's muscle tone is rigid, reports seeing snakes in his bathtub and frequently goes in and out of consciousness
false, there is no tx for MCI
True or false: once MCI is dx, AD or dementia meds should be initiated
Korsakoff's syndrome, thiamine deficiency
Pt lacks the ability to establish new memory, and instead often confabulate responses. What is this called and what causes it?
memory impairment + aphasia, apraxia, agnosia OR executive function disturbance
What is the DSM criteria for dementia?
muscle strength, mobility, hearing, visual acuity, cognitive function/attention
5 things to test for when assessing ability to drive in AD pts?
normal pressure hydrocephalus
Pt is demented, cannot walk without losing balance and complains of bladder incontinence
refer for on-road evaluation
You determine your pt's driving ability is uncertain, what should you do?
transient global amnesia
Pt has lost all retrograde and anterograde memory, do not know time or place but can recognize people. They keep asking the same questions over and over again.
true, R/O tumor, hydrocephalus
True or false: most pts suspected of dementia should receive a CT scan
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