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41 terms

Unit VIII APUSH

STUDY
PLAY
Bull Moose
Four footed symbol of Roosevelt's Progressive third party in 1812
Socialist
A 4th political party, led by a former labor union leader, that garnered nearly a million voted in1912
New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy that, promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.
Federal Reserve Board
A 12 member agency appointed by the president to oversee the banking system under a new federal law of 1913
Federal Trade Commission
New presidentially appointed regulatory commission designed to prevent monopolies and guard against unethical trade practices
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Wilsionian law that tried to curb business monopoly while encouraging labor and agricultural organization
Adamson Act of 1916
Wilsonian reform law that tried to curb business monopoly while encourage labor and agricultural organization
Haiti
Troubled Caribbean island nation where a president's murder led Wilson to send in the marines and assume American control of hte police and finances
ABC powers
Term for three Latin American nations whose mediation prevented war between the US and Mexico in 1914
Central Powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
Allies
in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
Sussex Pledge
Germany's highly conditional agreement in 1916 not to sink passenger and merchant vessels without warning
California
Key electoral state where a tiny majority for Wilson tipped hte balance against Hughes in 1916
Tampico and Vera Cruz
ports where clashes between Mexicans and American militayr forces nearly led to war in 1914
Samuel Gompers
American Federation of Labor leader who hailed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act as the Magna Carta of labor
Louis D. Brandeis
Jew appointed to supreme court by Wilson
Virgin Islands
the US purchased these islands for 25 million as protection for the Panama Canal
General Huerta
Mexican Revolutionary whose bloody regime Wilson refused to recognize and who nearly ended up fighting the US in 1914
Venustiano Carranza
Huerta's successor who took aid form US but resisted military intervention
Charles Evan Hughes
Narrowly unsuccessful presidential candidate hose campaign did not take a stand on the issue of Germany
Wilson's appeals to the public over the heads of Congress
Helped push through sweeping reforms of hte tariff and the banking system in 1913
Federal Reserve Act
Finally established an effective national banking system and a flexible money supply
Wealth Against Commonwealth
1894- Henry Demarest Lloyd wrote this book advocating free trade. (Against Standard Oil Trust)
Jacob A Riis
reporter for the New York Sun who shocked middle class America with How the Other Half Lives
Theodore Dreiser
used blunt prose to batter promoters and profiteers in The Financier and The Titan
Ida Tarbell
pioneering woman journalist who published a devastating but factual expose of the Standard Oil Company
Initiative
Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters
Referendum
The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.
Recall
gave citizens a chance to remove an elected official from office before the person's term ended
Passing of an Income Tax
Passing of the 16th Amendment allowed
Established direct election of senators
Passing of the 17th Amendment allowed
Robert M. La Follete
Fighting Bob, Progressive Crusader in Wisconsin who fought against trusts, railroads, took control from crooked corporations
Muller v Oregon
Convinced court that long working hours were hard on women
Lochner v New York
Law that invalidated a law that established a ten-hour work day for Bakers
18th Amenment
Prohibition Amendment
Women's Christian Temperance Union
WCTU
Teddy's Square Deal
emphasized three Cs; control of the coorporations, consumer protection, and preservation of the natural resources
Bureau of Corporations
new member of the cabinet that probed businesses engaged in interstate commerce
Interstate Commerce Commission
Ineffective measure taken to stop railroad barons
Elkins Act
Effective railroad legislation
Hepburn Act
VERY VERY effective railraod legislation, after Elkins Act