100 BCE House of Faun, Pompeii Mosaic Roman Republic
House of the Vetti
2nd c. BCE rebuilt 62-79 CE Pompeii, Italy Cut stone and Fresco Early Empire
Augustus of Primaporta
20 BCE Marble Early Empire
13-9 BCE Rome Marble Early Empire
Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
70-80 BCE Rome, Italy Stone and Concrete Early Empire
Arch of Titus
81 CE Rome, Italy Marble Early Empire
Forum of Trajan - Trajan Markets - Basilica Ulpia - Column of Trajan
Apollodorus of Damascus 106-112 CE Rome, Italy Brick and Concrete High Empire
118-125 BCE Rome, Italy Concrete with stone facing High Empire
Nabataean Ptolemaic and Roman - Treasury - great temple
Petra Jordan Began 400 BCE Cut rock High Empire
175 CE Bronze High Empire
Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
250 CE Marble Late Empire
Arch of Constantine
312-315 BCE Rome
315-330 BCE Basilica Nova, Rome Marble
an overground system that conveys water ex. Pont du Gard
a courtyard in a Roman house or forum ex. House of Vetti
in Roman architecture, a large axially planned building with a nave, side aisles ex. Forum of Trajan
a sculpture depicting a head, neck, and upper chest of a figure ex. Head of a Roman Patrician
a dome rising over the roof of a building; in architecture, a cupola is achieved by rotating an arch on its axis ex. Pantheon
an arch rotated in space, 180 degrees; hollow interior ex. Pantheon
a column that is still attached to a wall ex. Arch of Titus
a visual effect in which an object is shortened and turned deeper into the picture plane to give the effect of receding in space ex. Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun
a rectangular basin in a Roman house that is placed in the open-air-atrium in order to collect rain water ex. House of Vetti
the center stone of an arch that holds the others in place ex. Arch of Titus
a decoration using pieces of stone, marble, or colored glass, called Tesserae, that are cemented to a wall or floor ex. Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun
depth and recession in a painting ex. House of Vetti frescos
a mathematical system for creating the illusion of space and distance on a flat surface ex. House of Vetti Frescos
straight lines emanating from the vanishing point ex. House of Vettii frescos
a point in the picture plane that is the intersection of the orthogonals ex. House of Vetti frescos
Atmosphere / Aerial Perspective
the effect the atmosphere has on the appearance of an object as it is viewed from a distance (contrast decreases; colors become less saturated) ex. House of Vetti frescos
the hardest known stone in antiquity, known for its purple-red hue denoting royalty ex. The Tetrarchs
a triangular space enclosed by the curves of arches ex. Forum of Trajan
a roof constructed with arches ex. Colosseum
an arch extended into space that is curved at the top ex. Colosseum
two intersecting barrel vaults ex. Forum of Trajan
sculptured from the Roman Republic characterized by extreme realism of facial features ex. Head of a Roman Patrician
A sunken panel, often ornamental, in a vault or a ceiling.
A building material invented by the Romans and consisting of various proportions of lime mortar, volcanic sand, water, and small stones.
In painting or sculpture, the convention of the same figure appearing more than once in the same space at different stages in a story.
Cubiculum (pl. cubicula)
A small cubicle or bedroom that opened onto the atrium of a Roman house. Also, a chamber in an Early Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel.
The Roman decree condemning those who ran afoul of the Senate. Those who suffered damnatio memoriae had their memorials demolished and their names erased from public inscriptions.
A Roman private house.
The public square of an ancient Roman city.
In Roman architecture, a multistory apartment house, usually made of brick-faced concrete; also refers to an entire city block.
Oculus (pl. oculi)
Latin, "eye." The round central opening of a dome. Also, a small round window in a Gothic cathedral.
The aristocratic families of Ancient Rome, including both their natural and adopted members.
In ancient Greek architecture, a colonnade all around the cella and its porch(es). A peripteral colonnade consists of a single row of columns on all sides; a dipteral colonnade has a double row all around.
The Roman social class that included small farmers, merchants, and freed slaves.
The circular area under a dome; also a domed round building.
Latin, "council of elders." The legislative body in Roman constitutional government.
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road. In Christian architecture, the arch framing the apse at the end of a church nave.
In a Roman amphitheater, the cloth awning that could be rolled down from the top of the cavea to shield spectators from sun or rain.
Latin, "jaws." In a Roman house, the narrow foyer leading to the atrium.
A rectangular recess at the back of the atrium of a Roman house.
The study of office in a Roman house
The dining room of a Roman house.
In ancient Greek architecture, a colonnade all around the cella and its porch(es). A peripteral colonnade consists of a single row of columns on all sides; a dipteral colonnade has a double row all around. In Roman architecture, the colonnaded garden of a domus.
A space or opening in the roof over the court of a Roman dwelling, through which the rain fell into the impluvium or cistern.
a reservoir, tank, or container for storing or holding water or other liquid