46 terms

Henrikson/Peters Africa Unit Test

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Sahara Desert
a desert that spreads across approximately 3.5 million square miles in North Africa
Sahel
a semidesert zone south of the Sahara that has enough water for short grasses and small bushes
Savanna
an area of tall grasses and scattered trees
Niger River
West Africa's longest river
extended families
an immediate family plus other close relatives such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins
Nok
a people known for making iron tools
Jenne-jeno
an ancient West African city that existed for more than 1600 years; proved that cities developed in Africa before outsiders settled there
tribute
a payment made by one ruler or country to another for protection or as a sign of submission
Mali
kingdom ruled by the Mande who conquered Ghana's capital city; West Africa's second empire
Taghaza
a village built with salt
Wangara
the secret source of gold
Kumbi
the capital and important trading center of Ghana
porters
people who are hired to carry loads
matrilineal
heritage based on the woman's blood line
middlemen
the people who control the trading process by collecting taxes
Ibn Battuta
a Muslim historian and traveler who crossed the Sahara on a trade caravan and wrote about it
Almoravids
Muslims from the north that waged jihad in West Africa
textile
a woven cloth
al Saheli
an architect from Spain; built several structures in Mali
Arabic
the language of religion, learning, commerce, and government in West Africa
Mansa Musa
the first West African ruler to practice Islam devoutly; his hajj put Mali on the map
Songhai
the third empire of West Africa
Timbuktu
a trading city on the Niger River
patrilineal
based on a man's family line
succession
inheritance of the right to rule
amulet
a piece of jewelry or other object used as a charm to provide protection against bad luck, illness, injury, or evil
oral tradition
stories, songs, etc., that are passed down orally from one generation to the next
ngoni
a small stringed instrument made of a hollowed-out piece of wood
griot
a talented poet-musician responsible for memorizing the stories, sayings, songs, and history of his African town
written tradition
the particular forms of writing used to record a culture's history
balafon
an instrument made of wooden bars laid across a frame
call and response
a song style in which a singer or musician leads with a call and a group responds
proverb
a popular saying that use images from everyday life to express ideas or give advice
folktale
a story that is usually passed down orally and becomes part of a community's tradition
Niger and Senegal
the two major rivers located in West Africa
Islam
the religion that spread from North Africa to West Africa
camel
the reason travel across the Sahara became easier in the 800's
4
the number of regions into which Africa is divided
Atlantic
the ocean that borders Africa on the west
Indian
the ocean the borders Africa on the east
Mediterranean
the sea that borders Africa on the north
Ghana
the "land of gold"
iron tools
made farming more efficient in West Africa
taxes
how Ghana got rich
geometric designs
one artistic form that both West Africans and Muslims valued even before the two cultures met
Pablo Picasso
a painter who was influenced by West African masks