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genetic engineering

artificial gene manipulation


the use of microbiology and biochemistry to make various products

restriction enzymes

cut DNA of CERTAIN sequences

DNA cloning

putting a piece of DNA into a cell and allowing the cell to REPLICATE


a carrier

dissemilation plasmids

genes for unusual metabolic enzymes

bacteriocinogenic plasmids

genes for bacteriocinogens


bacteria toxins

resistance plasmids

genes that help against harmful substances


genes that cause the TRANSFER of microbes

reverse transcriptase

an enzyme that makes a piece of DNA from mRNA


the new DNA that is made from mRNA


are single stranded pieces of DNA or RNA that have been labeled with a dye or radioactive DNA

denatured DNA

a DNA molecule that has been seperated or unzipped

hybridized DNA

pieces of DNA from different sources that have JOINED TOGETHER

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