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Ch.9 Biotechnology and recominant DNA

STUDY
PLAY
genetic engineering
artificial gene manipulation
biotechnology
the use of microbiology and biochemistry to make various products
restriction enzymes
cut DNA of CERTAIN sequences
DNA cloning
putting a piece of DNA into a cell and allowing the cell to REPLICATE
vector
a carrier
dissemilation plasmids
genes for unusual metabolic enzymes
bacteriocinogenic plasmids
genes for bacteriocinogens
bacteriocinogens
bacteria toxins
resistance plasmids
genes that help against harmful substances
conjugative
genes that cause the TRANSFER of microbes
reverse transcriptase
an enzyme that makes a piece of DNA from mRNA
cDNA
the new DNA that is made from mRNA
probes
are single stranded pieces of DNA or RNA that have been labeled with a dye or radioactive DNA
denatured DNA
a DNA molecule that has been seperated or unzipped
hybridized DNA
pieces of DNA from different sources that have JOINED TOGETHER