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Research Methods (Chp. 3) Privitera
Terms in this set (24)
identifies the actions that researchers must take to conduct responsible and moral research.
The Nuremberg Code
(published in 1947) is the first international code for ethical conduct in research consisting of 10 directives aimed at the protection of human participants.
The Belmont Report
(published in 1979) is a published document that recommends three principles for the ethical conduct of research with human participants: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.
Respect for persons
is an ethical principle listed in the Belmont Report that states that participants in a research study must be autonomous agents capable of making informed decisions concerning whether to participate in research.
is an ethical principle listed in the Belmont Report that states that it is the researcher's responsibility to minimize the potential risks and maximize the potential benefits associated with conducting a research study.
Is a type of analysis in which the researcher anticipates or weighs the risks and benefits in a study.
is an ethical principle listed in the Belmont Report that states that all participants should be treated fairly and equitably in terms of receiving the benefits and bearing the risks in research.
(IRB) Institutional Review Board
is a review board with at least five members, one of whom comes from outside the institution. These members review for approval research protocols submitted by researchers prior to the conduct of any human participant research.
is a proposal, submitted by a researcher to an IRB, outlining the details of a study he or she wishes to complete and how he or she will address potential ethical concerns.
is a signed or verbal agreement in which participants state they are willing to participate in a research study after being informed of all aspects of their role in the study.
is the consent of a minor or other legally incapable person to agree to participate in research only after receiving an appropriate explanation in reasonably understandable language.
is a strategy used by researchers in which participants are deliberately misled concerning the true purpose and nature of the research being conducted. Deception can be active (deliberately untruthful) or passive (omission of key information)
A cover story
is a false explanation or story intended to prevent research participants from discovering the true purpose of a research study.
is the full disclosure to participants of the true purpose of a study and is typically given at the end of a study.
is a co-researcher or actor who pretends to be a participant in a research study for the purposes of scientific investigation.
is a protection of individual identity in which the identity of a participant remains unknown throughout a study even to those involved in a study.
is a protection of individual identity in which the identity of a participant is not made available to anyone who is not directly involved in a study. Those involved in a study, however, are able to identify participant information.
(IACUC) Institutional animal care and use committee
is a review board that consists of at lase one veterinarian, one scientist with experience using animals, and one public member from the community. These members review for approval animal research protocols submitted by researchers prior to the conduct of any research. Every institutions that receives federal funding must have an IACUC.
is the extent to which a researcher is honest and truthful in his or her actions, values, methods, measures, and dissemination of research.
is to concoct methods or data that misrepresent aspects of research study with the intent to deceive others.
is an individuals use of someones else's ideas or work that is represented as the individuals own ideas or work.
is the republication of original data that were previously published
is the reproduction of research procedures under identical conditions for the purposes of observing the same phenomenon
is a procedure used by scientific journals in which a manuscript or work is sent to peers or experts in that area to review the work and determine its scientific value or worth regarding publication.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Research Methods: Privitera Chapter 1
Research Methods: Privitera Chapter 2
Research Methods: Privitera Chapter 5
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