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Terms in this set (34)
Functional Residual Capacity
A person with pulmonary fibrosis experiences a decrease in lung compliance. What kind of disorder is this, and what change would you expect to see in the FEV/FVC percentage?
Restrictive. The FEV/FVC would increase
The epithelium lining the upper respiratory tract and trachea consists of ______________ __________________ containing many mucas secreting cells. This ciliated epithelium serves to sweep mucus and inhaled particles in the pharynx, and arrangement referred to as the _______________ ____________________.
1. Ciliated pseudo stratified cells
2. Mucociliary escalator
There are four components of the respiratory membrane. Name two
1. alveolar fluid
2. alveolar epithelium
The reduction of TPR during exercise is caused by _________________ of the blood vessels in active muscles.
Name two symptoms to look for if a person's body temperature rises too much during exercise.
Describe local hyperemia
vasodilation to increase blood flow through active muscles
After a glucose molecule is split into pyruvate, the pyruvate enters the mitochondria and is covered into _____________, which then enters the Krebs Cycle. One molecule of glucose can generate ________________ molecules of ___________________. This is the ______________ method of generating energy.
1. Acetoyl COA
What is the anatomic dead space?
Spaces where gas exchange cannot occur
What changes takes place in skin circulation system during exercise and why does it occur?
The blood vessels are going to constrict, which will cause the sweating. The skin temperature initially decreases, but will rise later during exercise.
For each hormone below, name where it is secreted
2. Antidiuretic hormone
3. Growth hormone
2. Posterior pituitary
3. Anterior pituitary
4. Anterior pituitary
5. Adrenal medulla
6. Adipose tissue
Lipid soluble hormones bind to __________________ receptors.
The structureless protein substance ____________ found in the follicles of the thyroid gland is converted into ________ & _________.
Give an example of a negative feedback loop involving the adrenal glands
Hypothalamus secretes less when too much cortisol is detected
Given on strand of DNA, provide the following sequence of the complementary strand
List the structures that make up individual parts of a DNA molecule
1. Pentase sugar (deoxyribose)
2. Nitrogenous base (A,G,C,T)
3. Phosphate group
During gamete cell division, the chromosomes undergo a replication cycle called _____________ that results in unpaired chromosomes
The uterine endometrium goes through four phases during a women's cycle. List them.
3. Ischimus (pre-menstraul)
Androgens are secreted by equivalent cells in both male and females. What cells are they?
Female= theca cells
Male= Leydig cells
When GnRH is released from the hypothalamus, it stimulates the anterior pituitary to release what two hormones?
LH & FSH
What is the primary purpose of the hormone inhibin?
regulates the secretion of FSH
Match the appropriate disease with the correct defective gene
2. Cystic fibrosis
3. Retinitis pigmentosa
1. Factor IX and Factor VIII
2. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator
3. Rhodopsin peripherin cGMP phosphodiesterase
Down's syndrome involves
Edward's syndrome involves
End diastolic volume-end systolic volume
Systolic aortic pressure-diastolic aortic pressure
heart rate X stroke volume
Mean blood pressure
total peripheral resistance X cardiac output
stoke volume/end diastolic volume
diseases of the lung where the bronchial tubes become narrowed making it hard to move air in and especially out of the lung.
are a category of respiratory disease characterized by a loss of lung compliance, causing incomplete lung expansion and increased lung stiffness or loss of lung volume.
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