30 terms

Looking at Movies, Chapter 5

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Art Director
1930s Hollywood- "executive" - creating and maintaining the studio's distinctive visual style, took full screen credit & awards for art direction
Blocking
planning positions and movements of actors and the cameras for each scene
Chiaroscuro
The use of deep gradation and subtle variations of lights and darks within an image (cortez)
Closed frame
designed to imply that other forces (fate, social, educational, economic) have robbed characters of their ability to move and act freely
Composition
organization, distribution, balance, and general relationship of actors and objects within the space of each shots as well as of light, shade, line, color
Costumes
The clothing worn by an actor in a movie (sometimes called wardrobe, a term that also designates the department in a studio in which clothing is made and stored).
Decor
color and textures of the interior decoration, furniture, draperies, and curtains of a set, and props
Design
The process by which the look of settings, props, lighting, and actors is determined- Set design, decor, prop selection, lighting setup, costuming, makeup, and hairstyle design
Figure
Any significant thing that moves on the screen -- person, animal, object
Framing
what we see on the screen
Kinesis
what moves on screen
makeup artist
enhances or alters an actor's appearance- traditional and digital methods
Mise-en-scene
staging. The overall look and feel of a movie -- the sum of everything the audience sees, hears, and experiences while viewing it.
Moving frame
The result of the dynamic functions of the frame around a motion-picture image, which can contain moving action but can also move and thus change its viewpoint
Offscreen space
Cinematic space that exists outside the frame.
On location
Shooting in an actual interior or exterior location away from the studio
Offscreen space
outside the frame
Onscreen Space
Cinematic space that exists inside the frame.
Open Frame
characters move freely within an open, recognizable environment
Point of View (POV)
The position from which a film presents the actions of the story; single character (subjective), no one in particular (omniscient)
Production Designer
works closely with the director, art director, and director of photography, in visualizing the movie that will appear on screen; both an artist and an executive, responsible for the overall design concept, the look of the movie -- as well as individual sets, locations, furnishings, props, and costumes -- and for supervising the heads of the many departments that create the look.
Properties
A.k.a. props; objects such as paintings, vases, flowers, silver tea sets, guns, or fishing rods that help us understand the characters by showing us their preferences in such things.
Reframing
A movement of the camera that adjusts or alters the composition or point of view of a shot.
script supervisor
kept a meticulous log of each day's shooting
Setting
spatial and temporal, environment (realistic or imagined) in which the narrative takes place
set director
in charge of the details that go into furnishing and decorating a set
Soundstage
windowless, soundproofed, professional shooting environment that is usually several stories high and can cover an acre or more of floor space.
Viewfinder
the little window that the cameraperson looks through when taking a picture; indicates the boundaries of the camera's point of view.
Video Assist Camera
A tiny device, mounted in the viewing system of the film camera, enables a script supervisor to view a scene on a video monitor (and thus compare its details with those of surrounding scenes, to ensure continuity) before the film is sent to the laboratory for processing.
Digital Animation
Animation that employs computer software to create the images used in the animation process (as opposed to analog techniques that rely on stop-motion photography, hand-drawn cels, etc.).
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