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AP Human Geography Chapter 8 vocab

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Political Geography
Study of the political organization of the world
State
politically organized territory and a population defined territory and government
Territorality
"the attempt by an individual or group to affect,influence, or control people phenomennon relationships, by delimiting& asserting control over geographic area
Sovereignty
Right of a state to deffend sovern territory againts another state
Territorial Intergrity
Right of a state to defend sovergn territory againts incurrsion from other states
Peace of Westphala
Treaties constituted this peace and concluded Europe's most destructuve internal struggle over religion
Mercantilism
General sense associated with the promotion of commercialism trade, Protectioinost policy of European states in 16th&18th century
Nation
Culturally defined group of people with a shared past and common future who relate to a territory and government
Nation-state
Politically organized area nation and state occupy the same plae
Democracy
Idea that people, natin, have ultimate say over what happens within the state
Multinational state
One or more the one nation in a border
Multistate nation
Nation stretches across borders and scorss state
Stateless nation
Another complication that arises from the lack of fit between nations and state is that some nations do not have a state
Colonialism
Imperial powers exercised ruthless control over their domains& organized them for maximum economic expolitation
Capitalism
Means that in the world economy people, corperations, states produce goods and exchange them on a world market with the goal of schieving profit
Commodification
The process of placing a price on goods then buying selling trading goods
Core
Process incorporate higher levels of educatin and salaries and technology
Periphery
Incorporates lower slaries and less technology
Semi-periphery
Core and periphery processes are both occuring
Ability
Context of political power infulene each other states ar achieve its goals through diplomatic econmic& militaristic
Centripetal
Forces that instate unify people
Centrifugal
Forces divide
Federal organization
state territory into region, substates, province or state
Devoltuion
Movement of power from the central government to regional goernments within state
Territoral respiration
House of Representitives elected from a territorially defines district
Splitting
ten districts, majority white
Majority-minority
Packed districts majority of population from minority
Gerrymandering
"redistricting for advantage:
Boundry
Vertical plane cuts through rocks below airspace above
Geometrical Boundries
drawn using grid systems as latitude or longtitude township, range, political
Physical Poltical
boundries agreed upon feature in physical geographic landscape
Heartland Theory
Theory was little to foretell the rise of a super power in the heartland
Critical Geopolitics
Intellectuals of state craft with constant ideas about place, and ideas that reinforcce political behaviors
Unilateralism
U.S. position of a hard power dominance with allies rather the U.S, joining
Supranational Ogranization
Seperate enitity compound of three or more sates forge an association form an adminisrtative for mutual benefit