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Math Vocabulary
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Key Concepts:
Terms in this set (45)
Difference
The answer to a subtraction problem
Integers
All of the whole numbers and their opposites
Place value
The value given to a place a digit may occupy in a numeral
Product
The answer to a multiplication problem
Ratio
A comparison of two quantities
Maximum
The largest amount in a given situation
Minimum
The smallest amount in a given situation
Percent
A number expressed out of 100
Quotient
The answer to a division problem
Sum
The answer to an addition problem
Composite number
A whole number that has more than two factors
Hundred grid
A 10 x 10 chart used to express percents
Part/whole
An expression for a fraction, ratio, or circle graph
Prime number
A whole number that has only 2 factors, one and itself
Whole number
The set of numbers including 0, 1, 2, 3, .....
Ascending
In order from least to greatest
Factor
A number that divides evenly into another number
Number line
A manipulative used to show placement and value of rational numbers
Opposites
Two integers are opposites if they are represented on the number line by points that are the same distance from zero, but in opposite directions from zero
Standard form
The answer written using numbers instead of words
Absolute value
The distance a number is from zero
Base
In a power, the number used as a factor
Fraction
A number representing some part of a whole
LCM (least common multiple)
The smallest nonzero whole number that is a multiple of two or more whole numbers
Squared
A number multiplied by itself
Coefficient
The number in front of a variable that is being multiplied
Cubed
The product in which the base is a factor three times
Denominator
The bottom number in a fraction
Mixed number
A number composed of a whole number and a fraction
Numerator
The top number in a fraction
Exponent
In a power, the number of times the base is used as a factor
GCF (greatest common factor)
The greatest number that is a factor of two or more numbers
Improper fraction
A fraction in which the numerator is greater than the denominator
Multiple
The product of a given number and an integer
Simplest form
The lowest form of a fraction when the GCF of the numerator and denominator is one
Formula
An equation used to generate a number
Inequality
A mathematical statement in which two expressions are not equal
Inverse operations
Operations that are opposite of each other
Order of operatioms
The rules that tell which operation to perform first when more than one operation is used
Variable
The unknown in an algebraic expression that is represented by a letter
Congruent
Exactly the same, equal
Descending
In order from greatest to least
Extraneous information
Facts included in a word problem that are not needed to solve the problem
Right angle
An angle with a measure of exactly 90 degrees
Polygon
An enclosed figure with three or more straight sides
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