CPS 3400 - Exam 3
Terms in this set (149)
Career information searchers who fall into the ________group might best begin by defining their occupational and determining its main features.
Have an Occupation in Mind
Three helpful ways to organize your search for career information is by occupation, industry, and ___________.
Anyone who is just drifting through college is not likely to have _________.
A career goal
A Career SuperSite called _______is an integrated set of national websites sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor.
The largest single employer in the Unites States is _____, and over _____of its employees will be eligible for retirement in 2007.
The U.S. government, one-half
There are two types if career information searchers 1) have an Occupational in mind and 2) _____.
Haven't Got a Clue
Without at least a tentative _______, most college students tend to drift.
Workers in _____enjoy better benefits than workers in ________.
Large business, small business
The _________ is the first portal for searching careers online, and the ______provide(s) a rich store house of career information.
The Guide for Occupational Exploration (GEO) organizes occupations into _______groups based on _______.
One of the benefits of conducting an information interview is that ________.
None of these
During an Information Interview, you should _________.
Ask questions that you wouldn't ask in a formal job interview
The term ________is used describe what happens when y can't reach a website because the URL has been changed or is no longer available.
Job shadowing is similar to _________.
None of these
The validity of results from programs like Choices, DISCOVER and SIGI 3 depends on _________.
The user's honesty and accuracy
Taking related courses associated with an occupation of interest is considered _______.
A worthwhile plan of action in the career search process
Most campus career resources centers have eliminated printed publications.
The Internet was first developed for use by _________and become available to the general public about _____years ago.
The military, 15
Choices DISCOVER, and SIGI 3 are example of ________.
Computer programs for career exploration.
The foundation for a credible career search is _________.
The purpose of conducting a thorough career search and developing a plan of action early in college is to avoid uncertainty.
At CareerOneStop, the salary and information about a specific occupation will depend on to the _____that you select.
One of the reasons many students have never been to their campus CRC is because of their hesitancy to reveal uncertainty about their future.
If a career counselor discovers that a student is experiencing excessive anxiety about college or the future, the counselor might _________.
All of these
The first major application of the Internet was ______, which is still its most frequently used application.
At the CareerOneStop website, you can search for occupations by job families or by _________.
Career life profiles such as A Day in the Life will give you a look at ________.
Typical workdays of different professionals
A checklist of necessary things to take to an Information Interview should include _______.
A copy of your latest resume
At the CareerOneStop website, you can find videos, state information and a job bank by using _________.
Information about _______is useful if you know something about where you want to work but not necessarily the kind of work you want.
Prior to an Information Interview it is best if you _________.
Go to the company's website for information, so as to be prepared
What experience allows you a more in-depth look at an occupation than just an information interview.
The Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) is a comprehensive, easy-to-use reference book with information on over 250 occupations.
One of the advantages of the vast amount of online career information is that it is so well-organized and easy to find.
The CRC on a college campus tends to look like a _______.
An information interview can be a _________tool as well as a way to gain occupational information.
The purpose of a career search is to identify or confirm _________.
Options and possibilities
When requesting an information interview, you should ____________.
Ask for the name of someone else if the initial contact can't see you
A "blog" is a __________.
Short term for "web log" or a personal webpage
A misconception about college CRCs is.
All of these
Career Fairs involve _________.
Interviews with recruiters from a variety of employers
Once a mere novelty, __________is becoming a popular way for companies to interview candidates from other geographical areas.
Web and video conferencing
One of the issues related to searching for career information online is ______.
The vast number of career related sites
Most colleges and universities can't afford to fully staff their CRCs. The students who _______tend to get the benefit of whatever resources there are.
Are the most assertive and eager
As you consider what you need to do to get ready for the job market after graduation, don't underestimate the value of _________.
The best way to think of consequences is that they are either ________or _______.
Lifetime earnings are, on the average, ______higher for college graduates over high school graduates.
Most people make career decisions when they ______.
Feel pressure and discomfort
Choosing a college major wisely will put a step-by-step career plan of action in place.
Most professions require a specific academic degree that matches their knowledge and skills ______.
Grid Analysis is a technique for ________.
Weighing several factors or alternatives
A major source of unrealistic goals is ________.
Letting other people set your goals
I'm going to meet with my advisor tomorrow and clarify the requirements for my major. This statement is a good example of a __________.
Most people typically postpone making a change or an important decision until they _________.
Reach a higher level of discomfort
Most of the decisions we make are __________.
A major source of unrealistic goal is ________.
Letting other people set your goals
Which of the following factors is the least common for causing a person to drop out of college?
Lack of academic ability
Trade-offs are considered the same as compromises.
Most of our small day-to-day choices based on a pattern of ________.
Thinking, feeling, doing
It is estimated that 9 out of 10 students entering college have a college major in mind.
Good career decision balances your needs and strengths with _________.
Realities of the labor market
What percent of the general population make decisions on a rational basis?
Mind mapping is a popular method of decision-making that focuses on _________.
Visualizing and recording ideas.
Many people set their goals too low because _______.
They fear failure
It is an advantage to declare your major early if you intend to go into one that requires a lot of classes or restricts classes to only its students.
A compromise can be described as ________.
Going with an option that incorporates aspects of different choices
According to Peter Vogt, an online career adviser, a good sign that it's time to change your major is when ___________.
All of these
Performance goals are focused on _________.
Which of the following is easiest to identify as being unrealistic?
Good career decision-making requires _________.
Both of these
Force Field Analysis is a method used to _________.
View all the forces for or against a plan
Which tends to be the most discouraging?
The failure to reach an outcome goal
You can choose not to choose.
Our choices are an outgrowth of _________.
Our personal identity
Most students who drop out of college do so ___________.
Without meeting with an adviser or counselor
A Good college advisers will _________.
All of these
We make decisions ________.
All the time
College students who drop out tend to do so ________.
Within the first year
Some people make career decisions without much personal awareness.
It is estimated that one out of _______students at a four-year college or university will drop out.
Decision-making requires a person to ________.
Research shows that most efficient and effective decision-makers _______.
Combine intuitive strengths with analytical thinking
There is really only best career for a person, and the problem is only in identifying it .
If a decision is irrevocable, it means it _________.
Cannot be changed
Decisions are made primarily on a ______or ______basis.
The simple plus/minus /implication strategy attempts to ________.
Identify positive and negative issues for each choice
Rational decision-makers tend to draw upon _________.
The left side of the brain
The right side of the brain tends to produce a decision-maker who is ______.
The Six Thinking Hats is a decision-making strategy used to _________.
View a decision from different perspectives
Rational decision makers follow an approach that is _______.
Logical and linear
A woman chose a lower paying job in order to live in a warmer climate. This is an example of a ________.
Paired comparison analysis is ___________.
Weighing the importance of different options or actions
In comparing the employment rate for college and high school graduates, it is ________.
Higher for college graduates
Choosing an academic major before graduation _________.
To not make a career plan or occupational choice is to ________.
Make a decision by default
College graduates change career fields on the average of two to three times in their lifetimes.
A college major is ________.
A set of classes based on a subject, theme or professional field
Intuitive decision-makers give more credit to luck than do rational decision-makers.
To do lists _________.
Help people stay focused and items prioritized
Career decision making is _____________.
Not a single decision
The right side of the brain makes ______decisions.
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, college graduates change jobs on the average of once every _________years.
When considering options it is best to _____.
Consider all your options
Most of the decisions we make are ________.
Most students entering college expect to change their major sometime.
Trade-offs might be part of a negotiation process to reach at a compromise.
One of the paradoxes of having choices is ______ ___.
Which of the following is the best advice for a career decision-making?
Define the choice or decision to be made
There are ______to every decision.
Researchers estimate that _____of college students will change their majors at least during their undergraduate years.
Job seekers who use internet job boards' _________.
Outnumber job postings by as much as 40 to 1
According to many staffing firms, the majority of temporary employees _________.
Hope to get a full-time position
When considering a job offer, it is often necessary to negotiate salary, benefits and other job issues. If your negotiations do not succeed, _________.
At least you have practiced an important skills
Nearly one in seven of all non-military employees work in __________.
In today's job market direct contact, also known as cold calling is _________.
A method of uninvited job hunting that occasionally works
It is best to tailor your resume to _________.
Best match your occupational choice and personal qualification
The more you know about ______ when you interview for a job, the better competitive edge you will have among the applicants.
People who take the risk of starting a new business venture are _________ .
The better way to enhance an electronic resume is with keywords rather than special formatting features.
The characteristics guaranteed to make a significant difference in whether a person has found a good job match are __________.
None of these
When there are major discrepancies between your work environment and your _________you may find it nearly impossible to do your work efficiently or as well as you would like.
The _______ is the make or break factor in whether an applicant land a job.
You can help a prospective employer to visualize how you might fit into the company's plans by preparing a portfolio of ________.
Tangible samples of your work
From the viewpoint of a prospective employer, your resume _________.
Is your initial promotional brochure
Which of the following statements about headhunting agencies is true?
Headhunting agencies find candidates to recommend to the hiring company
The majority of Americans work for companies that don't use online job websites or large market advertising because the companies _________.
Networking is the process of initiating and maintaining contacts __________.
In order to build mutually beneficial alliances
Which of the following is not a typical part of the initial interview for a job?
You should include a qualifications summary on your resume if you _______.
Lack job experience and want to highlight other skills
The College Board list of fastest growing occupations indicates that ______and ________occupations top the list.
Information technology, health-related
"A position in sales where a degree in communications and three years of customer service experience will add value." This is an example of an effective career goal statement for a resume.
The greatest number of jobs in the U.S. are found in __________.
Job seekers who fail to ______run the risk of losing credibility with prospective employers.
Maintain a record of job search activities
"Seeking a challenging position with potential for growth and advancement." This is an example of an effective career goal statement for a resume.
Top executive identified enthusiasm as an important trait for becoming a successful employee. Other highly-rated traits include ______.
Confidence and high energy
The About Them part of a job interview is when you ________.
Demonstrate your knowledge about the company
Your resume should be about __________.
1-2 pages long
The more you know about _________when you interview for a job, the better competitive edge you will have among the applicants.
What percent of workers in the business world are employed by small business?
Your resume cover letter is an excellent place to _______.
Mention the name of someone who encouraged you to apply
In order to be a non-profit company, a business must ______.
None of these
Most job vacancies are _________.
It is a good practice to follow up an interview with an e-mail or thank you letter. A phone call, however, is considered to be too aggressive.
The contact information on your resume gives __________.
Basic data that identifies you
The typical time period for a job interview is ______minutes. Furthermore, there tends to be _____distinct parts in the flow of the interview.
The primary indicator used by employers to determine whether an applicant has the ability and skills for the job is ________.
The 1970s were marked by extraordinary ________success in ______.
Entrepreneurial, computing technology
Employers hired _____new graduates in 2005 than in 2004.
Because your college years are a time of learning, change and uncertainty about who you are, you should avoid the mistake of starting your job-hunting process too early.