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Chapter 4

Study guide questions
de Tocqueville's notable visit to the United States was prompted by the desire to study
there is a distinctive and patterned way of thinking about political and economic life
A political culture exists where
the availability of land
Some have argued that democracy flourished early in America because of
their rights
The text suggests Americans are "preoccupied" with
U.S. political culture
Liberty and individual responsibility are two key elements of
Race relations
What was the Swedish sociologists Gunnar Myrdal referring to when he spoke of "America's dilemma"?
many political values are irrelevant to specific controversies
Political conflict can occur over specific policies even among those who share common beliefs. One reason for this is that
Economic as opposed to political inequality
Which of the following are Americans more likely to tolerate?
In American political culture, the ____ view of social policy is by far the most popular.
the United States
The citizens of ____ are least likely to think that success in life is determined by forces outside our control.
are more deferential than participatory in their politics
The text argues that the democratic political culture of Sweden differs from that of the United States because the Swedes
the United States
A classic study found that citizens of ____ had the highest sense of civic duty.
None of the above
Which of the following statements concerning attitudes and opinions expressed by Americans in surveys is incorrect?
the government ensures that it is so
There is, in fact, less income inequality in Sweden than in America because
All of the above
Compared with the average European, the average American is more likely to
the Pledge of Allegiance
The relevance and potential impact of religion in American politics were evident in 2002 when a federal court issued a controversial ruling regarding
religious beliefs
The distrust of political authority so evident in American political culture has its basis in
democracy could survive a change of ruling parties
Early competition between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans ended by establishing the principle that
Who explained the rise of capitalism in terms of religious beliefs and the community involvement of individuals?
were organized much like a political system
Churches in the United States were important in the development of a sense of civic duty and civic competence because they
the family
The most important source of political values in the United States is probably
large measure of equality among American family members
One aspect of the American family that contributes to the way Americans regard their political system is the
Horatio Alger
Tales of youngsters who started out poor but became rich by determination and hard work are associated with the writings of
Drug use, school prayer, abortion
Which of the following groups of issues does the text refer to as areas of conflict in the culture war?
fundamentalist Protestants
Most conspicuous among the orthodox are
what kind of country we ought to live in
The culture war is about
Alan Abramowitz suggests that the culture war might be more real than imagined because people are increasingly choosing their party affiliation on the basis of
they are talking about government officials, not the system of government
Although the proportion of people who say they trust the government in Washington to do the right thing has steadily declined since the 1950's, it should be remembered that
Both A and B
In thinking about trends in popular trust of government, it is important to consider that
fairly low
The percentage of Americans who say that they have a lot of confidence in Congress is typically