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53 terms

Ch. 14: New Movements in America

STUDY
PLAY
emancipation
Freedom from slavery.
abolition
The movement to end slavery.
tenements
Poorly built, overcrowded housing in cities where many immigrants lived.
urbanization
The rapid growth of cities.
suffrage
The right to vote.
middle class
Social and economic level between wealthy and poor that developed and grew in the U.S. during the 1800s.
reform
To change something in order to make it better.
temperance
The movement to encourage people to drink less alcohol.
Lucy Stone
Went to Oberlin College and kept her maiden name when she got married; formed the National Woman Suffrage Association.
Susan B. Anthony
Quaker who never got married and traveled the country giving speeches about women's rights and suffrage; co-founded the American Woman Suffrage Association.
Lucretia Mott
Quaker minister who helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention.
William Lloyd Garrison
Leading abolitionist who also believed women should have more rights -- he demonstrated this by sitting with the women at the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London.
Horace Mann
Known as the "Father of the Common School Movement" because he encouraged states to educate all of their citizens by funding mandatory, public schools through local taxes.
Frederick Douglass
African American abolitionist leader who also spoke up for women's suffrage at the Seneca Falls Convention.
Elizabeth Blackwell
She was the first woman to earn a medical degree in the United States.
Sojourner Truth
Traveled around the country giving speeches against slavery and for women's rights. Known for her, "Ain't I a Woman" speech.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Primarily responsible for organizing the Seneca Falls Convention and gave the main speech that called for a number of "resolutions", including giving women the right to vote; co-founded the American Woman Suffrage Association.
low-skilled factory jobs; domestic servant; labor intensive jobs, like building railroads and canals
What types of jobs did Irish immigrants typically work in America?
women
On the first day of the Seneca Falls Convention, only ________ were allowed to attend.
the right to vote
What was the most controversial issue (resolution) presented at the Seneca Falls Convention?
Catholic
What "religion" were most Irish immigrants?
cholera
As a result of poor sanitation systems, in 1832 and 1849 New York City suffered _______ epidemics that killed thousands.
rejected the views of their southern, slaveholding family
Angelina and Sarah Grimke joined the anti-slavery movement after they ...
they were trying to escape political persecution
Why did so many German immigrants come to America during the 1840s and 1850s?
they felt threatened by the immigrants' culture & religion; they were afraid they would lose their jobs to immigrants; they were afraid that the increase of immigrants would lead to higher crime rights
Why did native-born Americans feel threatened by immigrants?
at the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London, England
Where did Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott first meet?
abolitionist movement
The women's movement for equal rights was the offshoot of what other movement?
potato famine
During the 1840s, more than 1 million people died of starvation and disease in Ireland as the result of what?
the right to sit on a jury; the right to sign contracts; married women could not own property; the right to vote; women could not attend college; could not be elected to office; barred from almost all professions -- ministers, lawyers, doctors, etc.
What rights were denied to women during the first half of the 1800s?
she was a conductor on the Underground Railroad and led approximately 300 fugitive slaves to freedom
What contribution did Harriet Tubman make to the anti-slavery movement?
Mason-Dixon Line
What boundary became the division between the North and South (free v. slave states)?
"Follow the Drinking Gourd"
What spiritual contained hidden messages and / or symbols that helped guide runaway slaves to "freedom"?
nativists
American-born citizens who did not like immigrants are referred to as:
William Still
Who was one of the most active African American leaders of the Underground Railroad in Philadelphia?
Emma Willard
Who opened the Troy Female Seminary in 1821? (the first school in the U.S. to provide girls the same educational opportunities as boys)
they issued a "gag rule" ... meaning they refused to talk about it
How did Congress react to the thousands of anti-slavery petitions it received between 1836 and 1844?
it was the first time women in the U.S. organized as a group to discuss and demand their rights and it marked the start of the organized women's rights movement
What was the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention?
The U.S. Declaration of Independence (1776)
What document was the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments modeled off of?
the Second Great Awakening
What religious movement led to many of the reform movements of the mid-1800s?
spoke of the horrid conditions of prisons and petitioned governments to build separate facilities for the mentally ill?
What did Dorothea Dix do to help reform America?
immediate emancipation and racial equality for African Americans
What was the goal of the American Anti-Slavery Society?
free American schools for the deaf and those with hearing impairments
What was Thomas Gallaudet's contribution to educational reform movement?
reform effort to urge people to use self-discipline to stop drinking hard liquor
What was the temperance movement about?
William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass
Who were 2 male reformers that supported the women's rights movement?
The Liberator
What newspaper did William Lloyd Garrison publish?
they both were abolitionist newspapers
What did The Liberator and the North Star have in common?
criminal activity (including gangs); poor sanitation; overcrowding; no professional services (relied on volunteer watches for police protection and volunteer firefighters); disease (epidemics, like cholera); poor living conditions (tenements)
What were some of the problems of U.S. cities in the early to mid-1800s?
the American Party (or nicknamed, the Know-Nothing Party)
What political party did nativists form in 1849?
reduce crime; reduce poverty (the "drinking up" of family income); reduce domestic violence; reduce accidents at work
Why did some reformers argue for temperance? (How would temperance help Americans?)
Frederick Douglass
Who published the newspaper, The North Star?
leisurely activities (libraries, theaters, clubs) & a growing middle class
What were some of the good things about U.S. cities during the early to mid-1800s?
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
Who wrote the abolitionist book, "Slavery As It Is"?
many people converted to Christianity and church membership increased
What was a direct result of the Second Great Awakening?