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Elementary Physical Education Curriculum (Flynn) Chaps. 4,5,7,9
Terms in this set (41)
Name three ways to integrate physical education into the classroom.
1. Brain breaks—Get students up and moving for breaks from instruction.
2. Snacks—If and when the teacher provides snacks for the students, make sure they are healthy. Facilitate a brief discussion on how to eat healthy and why these particular snacks are good for them to eat.
3. Dance—In music class, encourage students to dance to get some exercise.
Discuss the link between the National Standards for K-12 Physical Education and academic standards.
- National standards for K-12 PE are broad statements that are used across K-12 programs while academic standards are expectations for each grade level.
- Both are standards used nationally whether they're for academic or pe
List the three critical cues for teaching a skill.
1. Preparation. 2. Execution. 3. Follow-through.
-Appropriate cues are created to help students focus on the critical elements and practice skills correctly
List the four steps for integrating Physical Education into the academic curriculum
1. Brainstorm Integration Ideas.
2. Link Physical Education Standards with Academic Standards.
3.Develop Grade - Specific Interdisciplinary Activities.
4.Develop an Integrated Activity Plan.
What is the title of Table 4.2 and 4.3? Why are these important for students to master a motor skill?
-4.2: Common Errors and Considerations for Correcting Them
-4.3: Sample Teaching Progression and Assessments for Skipping and Overhand Throw
-These teach students the proper ways to master a motor skill and allow the teachers to correct the students' mistakes in a way that fosters cognitive growth. 4.3 provides cognitive strategies for teaching skipping and the underhand throw.
Define physical activity.
-Physical activity is any body movement--walking, dancing, jumping, climbing, riding a bike, hiking, playing hide and seek-- that results in energy expenditure.
What is the difference between physical education and physical activity?-
"According to SHAPE America (2015), 'Physical education is an academic subject that provides a planned, sequential, K-12 standards-based program of curricula and instruction designed to develop motor skills, knowledge and behaviors for healthy, active living, physical fitness, sportsmanship, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence' (p.3). While physical activity is any body movement that results in energy expenditure." (Pages 52-53)
Describe the four essential components of a quality physical education program.
1.Policy and Environment: advocating for 150 minutes of instructional periods per week with a qualified physical education specialist who provides a developmentally appropriate program with adequate equipment and facilities
2. Curriculum: includes a written plan for how standards-based outcomes will be attained by schools or school districts
3. Appropriate Instruction: allowing all students to have maximum practice opportunities for class actives in well-designed lessons that facilitate student learning
4. Student Assessment: aligned with state standards and National Standards for K-12 Physical Education
What is physical literacy?
The ability to move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities in multiple environments that benefit the healthy development of the whole person.
List the five National Standards for K-12 Physical Education.
1.The physically literate individual demonstrates
competency in a variety of motor skills
and movement patterns.
---Jumping, hopping, running
2.The physically literate individual
applies knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics
related to movement and performance.
---finding different pathways to complete a task
3.The physically literate individual
demonstrates the knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level
of physical activity and fitness.
---understanding that one is getting stronger
4.The physically literate individual
exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others
---encouraging good behavior and feedback
5.The physically literate individual
recognizes the value of physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction
---how maintaining a healthy life is enjoyable
Discuss the K-5 grade level outcomes for PE standard 1
1. The first standard says the physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety of motor skills and movement pattern.
-In the grades of K-5 the focus on the ability to jog, hop, jump, dance, shifting weight, balance, throwing both over and underhand and with both hands, kicking, dribbling, and other basic moves.
What are the four benefits of physical activity? Which of these will get the attention the attention of administrators?
-Better classroom behavior.
-Increased mental alertness.
-Better academic achievement.
Discuss the K-5 grade level outcomes for PE Standard #2.
-National Standard 2: The physically literate individual applies knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies and tactics related to movement and performance. (Pathways, Shapes, Levels)
-Kindergarten: Travels in three different pathways.
-1st Grade: Travels demonstrating a variety of relationships with objects (over, under, around, through).
-2nd Grade: Combines shapes, levels, and pathways into simple travel, dance, and gymnastics sequences.
-3rd Grade: Recognizes locomotor skills specific to a wide variety of physical activities.
-4th Grade: Combines movement concepts with skills in small-sided practice tasks, gymnastics, and dance environments.
-5th Grade: Combines movement concepts with skills in small-sided practice tasks, game environments, gymnastics, and dance with self-direction.
Discuss the K-5 grade level outcomes for PE Standard #3. Standard 3.
The physically literate individual demonstrates the knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical activity and fitness.
-Kindergarten Recognizes that when you move fast, your heart beats faster and you breathe faster.
-1st- Identifies the heart as a muscle that grows stronger with exercise, play and physical activity.
-2nd Identifies physical activities that contribute to fitness.
-3rd- Describes the concept of fitness and provides examples of physical activity to enhance fitness.
-4th- Identifies the components of health-related fitness.
-5th- Differentiates between skill-related and health-related fitness
Discuss the K-5 grade level outcomes for PE Standard #4.
-Standard 4 says the students will exhibit responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others.
-In grades K-5, the focus is on the ability to follow directions and as you continue to move into different grades, you have a strong responsible behavior. Another focus is accepting feedback and giving feedback to others in the upper grade levels. Another major outcome is being able to share with others. Starting in kindergarten sharing equipments and going up to 5th grade when working with someone who may have higher or lower skill level than yourself. Another outcome is following the rules and protocols in class and being safe when the teacher gives directions.
Discuss the K-5 grade level outcomes for PE Standard #5.
"Recognizes the value of physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and/or social interaction."
-Students talk about being healthy and how to maintain a healthy and enjoyable life.
-Discuss techniques for maintaining healthy lives, such as making sure we are doing the exercises correctly and safely.
What does CSPAP stand for? Name the five components.
-CSPAP: Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program
1. high-quality physical education
2. physical activity during school
3. physical activity before & after school
4. staff involvement
5. family & community engagement
What does LMAS for and whats its purpose? What does the six-step process include?
LMAS stands for Let's Move! Active School campaign. It's a comprehensive program used by school champions (teachers, administrators, and parents) to create an active environment in the school. An active school incorporates physical activity before, during, and after school for at least 60 minutes every day. LMAS provides opportunities in the five components of CSPAP and a clear roadmap to guide school champions to meet their goals in the five components through a simple six-step process. This process helps school:
1. Convene a school wellness council
2. Use the Let's Move! Active Schools Inventory to assess your school's current efforts
3. Develop an action plan based on what's important and achievable in your school
4. Identify resources that can facilitate implementation of your action plan
5. Take action
6. Celebrate your successes and monitor your progress
What are the three domains of learning.
-Cognitive: the knowledge
-Psychomotor: the doing
-Affective: the feeling
Why should a classroom teacher offer brain breaks?
Short activity breaks during the school day can improve students concentration skills and classroom behavior. Providing students the opportunity to be active, be social, and take a break from sedentary activities. A classroom break is recommended after 30 minutes of continuous sitting or during transitions between subjects
List five sources where you can get ideas for brain breaks.
What are 3 reasons that classroom teachers should intergrade movement into daily academic lessons?
1. It improves behavior
2. more organization from the teacher
3. Improves listening skills
What are three quick, appropriate methods of grouping students?
By shoulder buddies.
By pairing up with a partner, who's older/younger and separate.
List the five best practices for every activity lesson
1.Start and Stop Signals: using a signal to start and stop an activity
2. Grouping Students: using this allows the classroom to break up and build community
3. Appropriate Spacing: create a safe environment that allows a lot of space
4. Handling Equipment: inform students about the proper ways to deal with equipment
5. Effective Communication: telling students when to do what
Describe how to make two items that you can use in your classroom.
Materials Needed: Old socks (Donated by students), Pillow stuffing, Needles and thread
-Stuff one sock with enough stuffing to make a 4 inch round ball.
-Cut off the excess material from the sock.
-Shape the ball as round as possible and fold over a flap of material. Sew the flap closed.
-Select another sock and repeat steps 1 through 4
2) Rhythm Shakers-
-Materials Needed: Large empty plastic gum ball machine containers, beans, rice, bells, corn
-Open the gum container. Put any of the materials mentioned above inside and then secure with tape so the materials do not fall out. Different amounts will change the pitch so fill as full as you wish.
What are the five categories of "Appropriate Practices" on Table 7.2
1. Learning Environment: Establishing the learning environment and exercise as punishment
2. Instructional strategies: Maximizing participation and teacher enthusiasm.
3. Curriculum: Regular participation and valuing physical activity
4. Assessment: Testing procedures
5. Professionalism: Professional growth and advocacy
Why is it important to complete a checklist safety Assessment form?
It is important to complete a checklist safety Assessment form because safety is a priority in schools. A checklist can insure that the space is free of hazards, all the equipment is developmentally appropriate and in good repair. As well as you are prepared for injuries with a properly stocked first aid kit.
List several activities in the PE hall of shame.
Dodge ball, Duck, Duck, Goose, Giants, Elves, and Wizards, Kickball, Musical Chairs, Red Rover, Simon Says, Traditional Tag, Tug Of War (TOW), Capture the Flag (CTF)
Why should a classroom teacher be an advocate for healthy, active schools?
-The teacher has control of everything the students see and hear so they can be a huge impact and advocate
-Teachers are role models and kids watch everything the teacher does, says, wears, eats, and drinks
-Having teachers use their control of the classroom to advocate for healthy choices leads to lower amounts of health issues, increases academic performance, students get into less trouble, and they can focus better
Discuss three ways that teachers can advocate in the classroom for a healthy, active school.
-The teacher can create visual motivational displays for the students to see positive messages, pictures, posters and more.
-The teacher can offer extrinsic awards to motivate students.
-The teacher can create more opportunities for movement in the classroom, especially when students are tired.
Discuss three ways that school employees can advocate for a healthy, active throughout the school building.
-A classroom teacher can give rewards, such as putting a student's name up on a wall for completing a certain amount of physical exercise.
-Work with another teacher to create to create a competition between classes. The class who did the most exercise by the end of the week could win a prize.
-Get families involved and do a school wide healthy living night. You could also do a school wide 5K.
List three tips that you would recommend for a teacher who is advocating healthy initiatives to school administrators and policy makers
-Get the students up and moving during class.
-Be confident when trying to advocate promote healthy options in the school.
-Follow a set agenda of an introduction, message, request and listen.
Determine the two most important advocacy tips for promoting a wellness event through a visual interview
- Don't wear busy patterns, stripes, plaids, or checks
- Do talk in ordinary conversational tones
Which two advocacy tips do you think are most important for promoting a wellness event in an auditory interview?
-Don't confuse the audience with scientific jargon.
-Do be descriptive since there is not a visual.
If you are preparing a written interview or statement, what do you think are the two most important guidelines to follow?
-Don't create a headline that is negative.
-Do be clear and concise by using simple words and sentences when using social media
Identify the difference between an "attention reset" and a "brain break".
A brain break done between activities to help students bring their focus back to the assignment.
An attention reset is an activity purposefully planned into the lesson for when the students start to get off topic.
Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program.
-Physical Activity During School
-Physical Activity Before and After School
-Family and Community Engagement
Lets Move After School
What are the four components of quality physical education?
-Opportunity to Learn
-Student and Program Assessment
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