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Terms in this set (49)
who were the two most influential thinkers of the Enlightenment
Voltaire and Rousseau
what is higher criticism
the challenging of Protestantism
what is Dialectic thinking.
Truth is relative and dependent upon man's reasoning
who introduced Dialectic thinking
Where did modernism originate p.390
What did modernist deny p.390
denied the existence of Heaven, hell, the sin nature of man, and the deity of Christ
who brought modernism to the united states p.390
American Ministerial Students
What philosophy seemed to free men from his responsibility to God p.390
who popularized this idea p.390
How did this false philosophy affect Europe p.390
opened up the door to materialism
What is Socialism p.390
all economic, political, and social life must be planned, controlled, and regulated by the state
what is the main difference between socialism and communism p.391
what socialist seek through legislation, regulation, and taxation, Communist seek through violent revolution
What social political party was formed in Germany p.391
Social Democratic Party
Who was the aggressive, militaristic leader of Germany in the early 1900's p.393
Kaiser Wilhelm 2
Name the two opposing alliances of the European powers and the countries in each p.393
Triple Alliance (Germany, Hungary, and Italy)
Triple Entente (Britain, France, and Russia)
Where was the center of European Rivalry p.393
The Balkan Penisula
what event sparked World War 1 p.394
The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria
What is the beginning date for the Great War
July 28, 1914
What term applies to items which may be seized when they are headed for an enemy port in wartime? p.395
Contraband of War
What new weapon did the German navy introduce during WW1? p.395
What large British luxury liner was sunk by the Germans in 1915? P.395
Name the two events which helped to bring the United States into World War 1? p.395/397
The sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman note
On what date did the United States enter WW1? p.397
What is the freedom of the seas? p.395
the right of a neutral nation to have the freedom to still trade w/ both allies and central powers
what is the Sussex pledge? P.396
Germany's pledge not to sink American merchant ships
National Defense Act p.396
provided for an increase in the size of the regular army and the organization of a national guard
What congressional act instituted the draft? p.397
selective service act
Name some ways the U.S. government to coordinate the various industrial efforts to supply war materials? p.398
War Industries Board
who was the head of the food administration? P.399
How did the American people cooperate to conserve food and increase food production? p.400
How was fuel conserved during the winter months? During summer months? p.400
Heatless Mondays and daylight-savings
What Socialist leader was arrested under the terms of the espionage act? p.401
who is McAdoo? p.399
Secretary of the treasury
What is the national war labor board? p.399
a court of arbitration to settle labor disputes. headed by taft
What is the Fuel Administration? p.400
was established to supervise the rationing of fuel in both factories and homes
What is Committee of Public Information? p.400
This organization planned a campaign to help keep morale high.
What was the American Navy's greatest contribution to the war?
who was the commander of the American troops in France?
Gen. BlackJack Pershing
What was the nickname for the American soldiers?
What term was used for pilots who had shot down at least 5 enemy planes?
Who led the communist forces in the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia? What treaty did he sign with Germany to pull Russia out of the war?
Lenin and Treaty of BrestLitovsk
What was the name for the famous German long-range gun?
Who was the commander of all the Allied forces?
Who was the soldier from Tennessee who became a hero during the Meuse-Argonne campaign?
Alvin C. York
What was president Wilson's list of war aims called?
On what date was the armistice signed
What is Verdun
a French fortress
what is the battle of the somme?
where the British introduced the tank
What is the Battle of the Jutland?
where the British crippled the German navy w/ their destroyers
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