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Mineral and Rock vocab
Terms in this set (25)
1. inorganic (not living)
2. solid in its natural state
3. have a definite crystal state
4. formed naturally
5. definite chemical formula
The shape of a crystal
The color a mineral has. the least dependable of all mineral properties
If it is dull, magnetic or non magnectic. How a mineral reflects light
If u scratch the mineral on something it is what color does it leave
How hard the mineral is
If the mineral has any parts of it that is flat
If the mineral has any parts of it that is not flat.
A combination of 2 or more minerals
EXTRUSIVE IGNEOUS ROCK
rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lava at Earth's surface
INTRUSIVE IGNEOUS ROCK
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma beneath Earth's surface
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions.
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another
The breaking down of rocks and other materials by wind,water,ice and animals.
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and carried away (i.e. weathering, glaciation)
Gas to solid
A structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society.
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an organism dissolves, leaving an empty space in the shape of the part.
To punish or criticize harshly
a fossil known to have lived in a particular geologic age that can be used to date the rock layer in which it is found
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its placement with that of fossils in other layers of rock
A technique used to determine the actual age of a fossil
The time required for one half of the atoms of a radioisotope to emit radiation an decay products
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