Equestrian test

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Terms in this set (...)

5 grooming tools
curry comb, hard brush, soft brush, main and tail comb, and hoof pick
Whens should a horse be brushed? Why?
before being saddled to prevent sores
Where can stirrup length be estimated?
on the ground
How to find right stirrup length
Holding your hand at the buckle, stretch the stirrup to see if it hits under your arm pit. If it does, it's generally a good length. Once on the horse, the stirrup should hit just below your ankle.
When should you tighten the girth?
Before you mount
How to mount
-hold reins and mane with left hand
-right hand on back of saddle
-left foot in stirrup
-put majority of weight on left hand
-lift up and gently place yourself in the saddle
Five natural aids for controlling the horse
eyes, voice, hands, seat/weight, legs
Where should the hands be held during riding?
low and in front of pommel

You should be able to reach your thumbs across and touch, and reach your pinkie fingers down and touch the neck
How are the reins held
firmly, but hands and arms are gentle and give and take with the motion of the horse
Heel should always be....
Lower than toes
foot placement on stirrup
on the balls of feet, toes angled more forward than to the side
Rider should hold onto horse with
calf muscles
legs are held right behind the
girth
How should rider sit
up straight, shoulder relaxed, eyes up
How does head play a role in helping to steer the horse?
it is connected to the spine which, in turn, is sending signals to the horse's spine.
Direct reining
direct pressure from reins to the bit controls horse's direction
When asking horse to move forward...
both the legs apply pressure equally to the sides of the horse while the seat pushes forward slightly
While turning...
more pressure should be created by the inside leg, so that the horse turns around it, while the outside leg is steady so the horse does not swing his hind quarters out.
four gaits
walk, trot, canter, gallop
walk
one leg off the ground at a time/ slowest gait
trot
two legs off the ground at a time/ very bumpy
canter
three legs off the ground at a time/ like a rocking motion
gallop
four legs off the ground at a time/ fastest gait
sitting position is also called
3 point position

3 points touching horse: 2 legs, and your seat
3 point position can be used for
walk, trot, canter
2 point position
forward jumping position

only 2 points touching the saddle are your 2 legs

Rise up out of the saddle and bend at the hips to keep your center of gravity still over the saddle. You only need to rise up about an inch. Hold this position. This position is used when jumping.
other benefits of 2 point position
building strength, stretching backs of heels, creating better balance
posting trot
rising up and down with the 1-2 beat of trot
correct diagonal
rising when outside shoulder of horse moves forward
to cue horse to canter
outside legs taps horse 3-4 inches behind girth
being on the correct lead
horse is reaching more with inside leg than outside leg during canter

left lead = horse is stretching forward more with left leg/ horse traveling in left circle
independent seat
hands, seat, and legs can move independent of each other
when switching directions...
half-turn performed turning towards inside of arena
when passing someone
pass on outside and announce "outside"
when untacking...
-girth is undone on left side only
-throat latch of bridle is only part unbuckled
cavellettes
poles on the ground that are trotted over
cavellettes used for...
learning the rhythm for jumping
serpentine
bending and steering where rider forms "S" pattern on ground
horse feeding routine
same time every day
horse's activity
horses need turn out (free roam) time because they like to move constantly
balanced diet consists of
sweet feed, oats (grain), grass, hay

supplements can be added

vitamins or joint medication
paste wormer
given every two months
should be cycled so worms don't develop resistance
strongid
daily dewormer that can be fed with grain
if on strongid...
horse still needs to be wormed every 6 months with a paste wormer with different ingredient than stringed
hooves should be trimmed every...
5-6 weeks
healthy horse should have...
clear eye, clean nose or clear mucus, smooth coat, ribs can be felt but not seen
baby horse is called
foal
female horse under age of 3
filly
male horse under age of 3
colt
female horse over age of 3
mare
male horse that has been castrated
gelding
male horse that is intact
stallion
horse measured in
hands
hand = four inches
horse measured from...
ground to top of withers
pony measurement
14.2 hands or less
horse measurement
14.2 hands or more