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Diseases of the Digestive System
An acute inflammation of the appendix
When fecal materials remains in the colon too long, causing excessive re-absorption of the water. The feces or stool becomes hard,dry, and difficult to eliminate.
Causes for Constipation
Poor bowel habit, chronic laxative use leading to a lazy bowel, a diet low in fiber, and certain digestive diseases.
S/S: of Constipation
Abdominal pain and cramping, inability to defecate.
Tx: for Constipation
Diet high in fiber (fruits and vegetables),adequate water intake and exercise regularly and enemas.
Appendicitis signs and symptoms
Nausea,vomiting,mild fever,and elevated white blood cell count.
Chronic destruction of the liver cells accomplished by formation of fibrous connective scar tissue.
Causes for Cirrhosis
Hepatitis,bile duct disease,chemical toxins,and malnutrition associated with alcoholism
Liver enlargement, anemia, indigestion, nausea and vomiting, nosebleeds,jaundice
Tx: for Cirrhosis
directed toward preventing further damage to the liver.Alcohol avoidance,proper nutrition that include high protein and vitamins diet, and getting plenty of rest.
condition characterized by frequent water stools.
Causes of Diarrhea
Infection,stress,diet,and irritated colon,and toxic substances
S/S: of Diarrhea
Abdominal cramping that forces frequent defecation and generalized weakness.
Tx: for Diarrhea
Eliminate the cause,provide adequate fluid intake, and modifying the diet
Stones in the gallbladder
Abdominal pain that may radiate toward the back and heartburn especially after eating, nausea, and vomiting.
Tx: for Cholelithiasis
low-fat diet,lithotripsy(shock waves that are used to shatter the gallstones), and of a cholecystectomy(surgical removal of the gallbladder.