UCPS 5th Grade Genetics Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes.
acquired characteristic
Characteristics of an organism gained during its lifetime, not determined genetically and therefore not transmitted to the offspring
inherited characteristic
a characteristic that is passed down from parent to offspring
genes
instructions for making a living thing that are in cells and pass from parents to offspring
inherit
The process in which genetic material is passed from parents to their offspring.
identical twins
two people who are born at the same time from the same mother, began as the same cell, and has the same genes
related
coming from the same family or group of living things
species
a group of living things that are more closely related to one another than to any other living things
heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
unique
different from everything else
variation
differences in living things
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
dominant gene
A gene that is expressed in the offspring whenever it is present
recessive gene
Gene that is hidden when the dominant gene is present
population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and live in the same area
offspring
children