A painter who vividly portrayed all levels of eighteenth-century society and emphasized man's corrupt nature. His canvasses reveal corruption in high places; drunkenness in fashionable parlors and in city streets, and acts of cruelty, robbery, and murder.
Sir Christopher Wren
An architect who rebuilt many churches (including the famous St. Paul's Cathedral) , destroyed by the Great Fire of London, that later became masterpieces of the period.
bubonic plague and the Great Fire of London
two disastrous events that occurred during the reign of Charles II.
Daniel Defoe and Samuel Pepys
Name two men whose journals provide accounts of the Great Fire of London
Literature that influenced English literature from the end of the 17th century to the first part of the 18th century
The Conduct of Understanding
''The last resort a man has recourse to in the conduct of himself is his understanding.''
Year that James II was replaced by William and Mary (protestant daughter of James); The Glorious Revolution
Year that the Act of Union joins England, Scotland, and Wales as the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Sparked by inventions such as the spinning jenny and the steam engine. Transformed London into a center of activity as the leading city to which men came from Ireland, Scotland, and all parts of England to seek their fortunes.
Informal, inexpensive clubs which became the meeting places for various social groups; over 3000 of these in London
Will's, White's, St. James's, The Cocoa Tree, The Grecian, Child's and Truby's, Lloyd's, and Jonathan's
Coffeehouses of London
Voltaire and Diderot
French philosophers who rejected the idea that man has a sinful nature and insisted that he has a divine nature within him
a belief in an impersonal God, who, after creating the world, left it to run by natural laws and left man to take care of himself by using his intellect
Selina, Countess Huntingdon
A notable woman of the time who had a great influence on the preaching of the gospel
The Rake's Progress
Shows a young, wealthy man following a downward path of gambling and immorality until he loses all his money and is sent to one of London's overcrowded, poorly administered debtor's prison
Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, Henry Fielding, Tobias Smolett, and Laurence Sterne
classics of the century
Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson, Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language, Blackstone's Commentaries, and Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
hymn writers of the 18th century
Isaac Watts, Philip Doddridge, Charles Wesley, Augustus Toplady, John Newton, and William Cowper
George Frederic Handel
German-born musician remembered for his English oratorios, usually based on Biblical subjects, settled in England in 1710. He was the composer of the Messiah
characterized by a positive attitude toward life, an awakening to feeling, a love for nature, and an emphasis on personal expression