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Pages1 - 6 English 12B Unit 1

William Hogarth
A painter who vividly portrayed all levels of eighteenth-century society and emphasized man's corrupt nature. His canvasses reveal corruption in high places; drunkenness in fashionable parlors and in city streets, and acts of cruelty, robbery, and murder.
George Whitefield
Man whose powerful preaching reached many souls for Christ.
Sir Christopher Wren
An architect who rebuilt many churches (including the famous St. Paul's Cathedral) , destroyed by the Great Fire of London, that later became masterpieces of the period.
Charles II
the Stuart monarch who was restored to the throne
bubonic plague and the Great Fire of London
two disastrous events that occurred during the reign of Charles II.
bubonic plague
Lasted from 1603-1665(peak) and killed over 150 000 people
1666; 3 days
Year of the Great Fire of London and time it lasted
Daniel Defoe and Samuel Pepys
Name two men whose journals provide accounts of the Great Fire of London
Literature that influenced English literature from the end of the 17th century to the first part of the 18th century
Great French dramatist and author of Tartuffe
John Dryden
Ruling poet of the age
John Locke
An influential prose writer and author of The Conduct of the Understanding
The Conduct of Understanding
''The last resort a man has recourse to in the conduct of himself is his understanding.''
James II
Successor of Charles II who was a Roman Catholic with tyrannical and lawless methods
Year that James II was replaced by William and Mary (protestant daughter of James); The Glorious Revolution
Queen Anne
Last monarch of the Stuart line who ruled from 1702 to 1714
Year that the Act of Union joins England, Scotland, and Wales as the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Industrial Revolution
Sparked by inventions such as the spinning jenny and the steam engine. Transformed London into a center of activity as the leading city to which men came from Ireland, Scotland, and all parts of England to seek their fortunes.
Informal, inexpensive clubs which became the meeting places for various social groups; over 3000 of these in London
Will's, White's, St. James's, The Cocoa Tree, The Grecian, Child's and Truby's, Lloyd's, and Jonathan's
Coffeehouses of London
Voltaire and Diderot
French philosophers who rejected the idea that man has a sinful nature and insisted that he has a divine nature within him
The Age of Reason
Period during which the popular religion was deism
a belief in an impersonal God, who, after creating the world, left it to run by natural laws and left man to take care of himself by using his intellect
William Blackstone
A famous lawyer who lamented the unholy nature of the Anglican church
Matthew Henry
A Welsh Presbyterian who wrote Commentary on the Bible,
Commentary on the Bible
a classic Bible study aid for almost three centuries
William Law
author of A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life
A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life
A widely read book which greatly influenced John Wesley
John Wesley and George Whitefield
Two men who preached and brought about great revivals
Selina, Countess Huntingdon
A notable woman of the time who had a great influence on the preaching of the gospel
William Wilberforce
The driving force in bringing about the abolition of slavery in England
Robert Raikes
An editor and newspaperman who started the Sunday school movement
John Howard
Dedicated his life to the reforming of prisons
William Carey
Began the modern missionary movement
Age of Pope
The first half of the 18th century
Augustan Age or the Neoclassical Age
Two other names for the Age of Pope
Age of Johnson
The second half of the 18th century
Jonathan Swift
the most prominent satirist of the time
journalism and novel
the two greatest literary contributions of the age
William Hogarth
Artist responsible for The Election: Canvassing
Artist responsible for The Rotunda at Ranelagh
William Hogarth
Artist responsible for Bribing a Voter
William Hogarth
Artist responsible for The Rake's Progress: The Arrest and The Prison
The Rake's Progress
Shows a young, wealthy man following a downward path of gambling and immorality until he loses all his money and is sent to one of London's overcrowded, poorly administered debtor's prison
William Hogarth
Artist responsible for The Cock Pit
journalistic essayists
Joseph Addison, Richard Steele, and Samuel Johnsonn
early novelists
Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, Henry Fielding, Tobias Smolett, and Laurence Sterne
the most enduring popular genre of modern times
classics of the century
Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson, Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language, Blackstone's Commentaries, and Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
hymn writers of the 18th century
Isaac Watts, Philip Doddridge, Charles Wesley, Augustus Toplady, John Newton, and William Cowper
George Frederic Handel
German-born musician remembered for his English oratorios, usually based on Biblical subjects, settled in England in 1710. He was the composer of the Messiah
lyrical poetry
characterized by a positive attitude toward life, an awakening to feeling, a love for nature, and an emphasis on personal expression
pre-Romantic poets
William Cowper, Thomas Gray, Oliver Goldsmith, Robert Burns, and William Blake