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The Cardiovascular System, Chapter 5 Medical Terminology, Ehrilich, Sixth Addition


rapid heart


slow heart


episodes of severe chest pains due to insufficient flow of blood to other myocardium


(vasculitis) inflammation of blood or lymph vessels


enlargement of the heart

varicose veins

abnormally swollen veins


hardening of the arteries


a foreign object such as a blood clot, quantity of air circulating on blood.

vascular surgeon

specializes in the diagnosis, medical management, surgical treatment of disorders of blood vessels


inflammation of the heart

bacterial endocarditis

inflammation of the lining or valves of the heart


inflammation of the vein


inflammation of the inner lining of the heart


medication administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat

myocardial infarction

heart attack


abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel


inflammation of the pericardium that causes an accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac

ACE Inhibitor

blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract resulting in hypertension


a deficiency of red blood cells


the balooning out of an artery wall at a point where it has grown weak


an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery


slows coagulation and prevents new clots from forming

aplastic Anemia

severe form of anemia that is characterized by a an absence of ALL formed blood elements. Caused by the failure of blood cell production in bone marrow.


Abnormal heart rhythm


surgical removal of plaque buildup from the interior of an artery


a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall


hardening and narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of cholesterol plaque on the interior walls of the arteries

artrial fibrillation

known as fib, occurs when the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by twithching of the miscular wall

automated external defibrillator

AED: portable automatic device used to restore normal heart rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest. Designed for use by non-professionals in an emergency situation.


reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heart beat

blood dyscrasia

abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood

Cardiac Arrest

cessation of heart activity

Cardiac catheterization

procedure where a catheter is inserted into a vein or artery and guided into the heart; may be used for diagnosis of blockages or treatment


the term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle

carotid endarterectomy

the surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain


a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body. Aids in the production of cell membranes.

Chronic Venous insufficiency

a condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves

coronary Thrombosis

obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)


(cardioversion) The use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm


a drug that causes the body to lose fluids; not effective for loss of body fat


a record of the electrical activity of the heart that, if abnormal, may indicate heart disease


the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus


Red blood cells


Iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells

hemolytic anemia

anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes


to stop or control bleeding

ischemic heart disease

group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart


Cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells


white blood cells


an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count

megaloblastic anemia

a blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal

myelodysplastic syndrome

a group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow

orthostatic hypertension

a sudden drop in blood pressure when rising to sit or stand.

paroxysmal atrial tachycardia

rapid contractions of the atria that begins and ends suddenly


a double-layered serous membrane that surrounds the heart

pernicious anemia

lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body


inflammation of a vein

raynaud's phenomenon

a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress.


infection in the blood

sickle cell anemia

a genetic disorder in which erythroctyes take on an abnormal curved or "sickle" shape

thallium stress test

Test performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries of the heart muscle during exercise


a bleeding disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood, which impairs the clotting process


dissolves an existing thrombus (clot) when administered soon after its occurence (Abbokinase, Activase, Eminase, Kabikinase, Streptase)


An abnormal condition in which a clot develops in a blood vessel

thrombotic occlusion

Blocking of an artery by a thrombus


a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin

transfusion reaction

reaction of the body to a transfusion of blood that is not compatible with its own blood


inflammation of a valve (especially of a cardiac valve as a consequence of rheumatic fever)

ventricular fibrillation

the rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles

ventricular tachycardia

a very rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles

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