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Medical Terminology Ch 5 , The Cardiovascular System

The Cardiovascular System, Chapter 5 Medical Terminology, Ehrilich, Sixth Addition
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tachycardia
rapid heart
bradycardia
slow heart
angina
episodes of severe chest pains due to insufficient flow of blood to other myocardium
angitis
(vasculitis) inflammation of blood or lymph vessels
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
varicose veins
abnormally swollen veins
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
embolus
a foreign object such as a blood clot, quantity of air circulating on blood.
vascular surgeon
specializes in the diagnosis, medical management, surgical treatment of disorders of blood vessels
carditis
inflammation of the heart
bacterial endocarditis
inflammation of the lining or valves of the heart
phlebitis
inflammation of the vein
endocarditis
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
artiarrhythmic
medication administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat
myocardial infarction
heart attack
angiostenosis
abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium that causes an accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac
ACE Inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract resulting in hypertension
Anemia
a deficiency of red blood cells
Aneurysm
the balooning out of an artery wall at a point where it has grown weak
angioplasty
an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
Anticoagulant
slows coagulation and prevents new clots from forming
aplastic Anemia
severe form of anemia that is characterized by a an absence of ALL formed blood elements. Caused by the failure of blood cell production in bone marrow.
arrhythmia
Abnormal heart rhythm
atherectomy
surgical removal of plaque buildup from the interior of an artery
atheroma
a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall
atherosclerosis
hardening and narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of cholesterol plaque on the interior walls of the arteries
artrial fibrillation
known as fib, occurs when the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by twithching of the miscular wall
automated external defibrillator
AED: portable automatic device used to restore normal heart rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest. Designed for use by non-professionals in an emergency situation.
beta-blocker
reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heart beat
blood dyscrasia
abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
Cardiac Arrest
cessation of heart activity
Cardiac catheterization
procedure where a catheter is inserted into a vein or artery and guided into the heart; may be used for diagnosis of blockages or treatment
Cardiomyopathy
the term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle
carotid endarterectomy
the surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain
cholesterol
a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body. Aids in the production of cell membranes.
Chronic Venous insufficiency
a condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves
coronary Thrombosis
obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
defibrillation
(cardioversion) The use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm
diuretic
a drug that causes the body to lose fluids; not effective for loss of body fat
electrocardiogram
a record of the electrical activity of the heart that, if abnormal, may indicate heart disease
embolism
the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus
erythrocytes
Red blood cells
hemoglobin
Iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells
hemolytic anemia
anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes
hemostasis
to stop or control bleeding
ischemic heart disease
group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
leukemia
Cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells
leukocytes
white blood cells
leukopenia
an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
megaloblastic anemia
a blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal
myelodysplastic syndrome
a group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow
orthostatic hypertension
a sudden drop in blood pressure when rising to sit or stand.
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
rapid contractions of the atria that begins and ends suddenly
pericardium
a double-layered serous membrane that surrounds the heart
pernicious anemia
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
raynaud's phenomenon
a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress.
septicemia
infection in the blood
sickle cell anemia
a genetic disorder in which erythroctyes take on an abnormal curved or "sickle" shape
thallium stress test
Test performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries of the heart muscle during exercise
thrombocytopenia
a bleeding disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood, which impairs the clotting process
thrombolytic
dissolves an existing thrombus (clot) when administered soon after its occurence (Abbokinase, Activase, Eminase, Kabikinase, Streptase)
thrombosis
An abnormal condition in which a clot develops in a blood vessel
thrombotic occlusion
Blocking of an artery by a thrombus
thrombus
a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin
transfusion reaction
reaction of the body to a transfusion of blood that is not compatible with its own blood
valvulitis
inflammation of a valve (especially of a cardiac valve as a consequence of rheumatic fever)
ventricular fibrillation
the rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles
ventricular tachycardia
a very rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles