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UV & LED Gels
Terms in this set (75)
Harden through exposure to UV light.
An alternative to traditional nail lacquers. Gel polishes do not dry as nail lacquers do: they cure in the lamp unit.
Hard UV Gels
Hard UV gels that are typically defined as the traditional UV gels; they cannot be removed with acetone.
The tacky surface left on the nail once a UV gel has cured.
Short chain of monomers that is not long enough to be considered a polymer.
When only one color of nail enhancement product is applied over the entire surface of the nail.
Opacity (Plural: Opacities)
The amount of pigment concentration in a gel making it difficult to see through.
Building gels, used early in the service, or self-leveling gels, used near the final contouring procedure.
Soft UV Gels
UV gels that are removed fairly with acetone.
Two different colors of gel are applied to the surface of the nail, in different places, as in a
Also known as Urethane Methacrylate; The main ingredients in UV gel nail enhancements.
Also known as Urethane Acrylatae; The main ingredients in UV gel nail enhancements.
UV Bonding Gels
Gels that increase adhesion to the natural nail plate.
UV Building Gels
Thick-viscosity adhesive gels that are build an arch and curve to the fingernail.
A type of nail enhancement product that hardens when it is exposed to an ultraviolet (UV) light source.
UV Gloss Gels
Sealing gels, finishing gels, or shine gels. These gels are used to finish the nails and to create glossy shine.
UV or LED Bulb
Also known as the UV lamp; a special bulb that emits UV light to cure UV gel nail enhancements.
UV or LED Lamp (or UV Light Units)
Also known as the UV light Bulb; a special bulb that emits UV light to cure UV gel nail enhancements.
UV Self-Leveling Gels
A group of gels that is used to enhance the thickness of other gels while providing a smoother surface than some UV building gels.
Viscosity (Plural: Viscosities)
The measurement of the extent of a liquid to flow.
When applying a UV gel enhancement, you must expose the nail to the light after each layer of product is applied to the natural nails.
UV gel nails have a high odor problem.
As long as a UV light bulb displays blue light it will cure the enhancement
When UV gel is exposed to UV light in its container, it will harden in the container.
Wattage indicates how much UV light is emitted from the UV light unit.
All UV lamps emit the same amount of UV rays.
UV gel enhancements rely on ingredients from the monomer and polymer family.
A UV light unit is a specialized electronic device that powers and controls UV lamps to cure UV gel nail enhancements.
UV gel polish has a tendency to thicken over time because the solvents evaporate.
When removing the inhibition layer from the UV gel, avoid cleaning the nail in a manner that would put the UV gel on to the surface of the skin.
UV gel that increases adhesion to the natural nail plate.
What are UV bonding gels?
Thick viscosity adhesive UV gel that are used to build an arch and curve to the fingernail.
What are UV building gels?
A group of UV gels that is used to enhance the thickness of other UV gels while providing a smooth surface than some UV building gels.
Describe self-leveling UV gels.
An alternative to traditional nail lacquers. UV gels polishes do not dry as a nail lacquer does, they cure in the UV light unit.
Describe UV gel polishes.
Sealing, finishing or shine gels. These UV gels are used to finish the nails and create a glossy shine
What are UV gloss gels?
A UV lamp is a special ______________ that emits UV light to cure UV gel nail enhancements.
Service breakdown and skin irritation or sensitivity.
If you do not change UV lamps on a regular basis, what do you risk?
Most UV gels are made form:
Acetone or Alcohol.
What would you use to remove the inhibition layer that is formed when UV gels harden?
UV gels rely on related form of a monomer caller:
___________ is special type of acrylate used in traditional UV gels.
Two to three times a year.
Depending on frequency of use, UV lamps should be changed out:
About six months.
What is the shelf life of nail adhesive?
What is the most common UV lamps on the market?
Newer UV gel technologies use:
Thick, Gel-like, Sticky
Oligomers usually have a ____________________________ consistency.
For as long as recommended by the manufacturer.
How long should each layer of the UV gel should be cured?
Direct sunlight and Full-spectrum lighting.
Your UV gel and brush should be kept away from ______________ during the application process to prevent the product form prematurely hardening.
2 to 3 weeks.
You must rebalance UV gels every:
The number of lamps in the unit
The distance the lamps are from the bottom of the unit
The size of the unit
The difference between one light unit and another may be:
UV gels enhancements rely on what family of ingredients?
Which ingredients in UV gels cut the curing time from 3 hours to 3 minutes?
What sets UV gel enhancements apart form all other nail enhancements?
Urethane acrylate and urethane methacrylate are responsible for making what?
How do you measure the amount of electricity that UV bulbs consume?
What applicator is used to spread UV gel product onto the nail?
UV gel primer
Adhesion of UV gels to the natural nail plate is enhanced by using this product:
Natural nail preparation
What is the proper term for dipping the tip of the applicator brush into nail primer to ensure the nail plate is covered?
UV gel #1 is referred to as the :
The tacky surface layer of a UV gel nail enhancement is called the ___________ layer.
When contouring a UV gel nail, what grit should you be using?
Product will harden
What happens when you expose your UV gel product to sunlight, full-spectrum manicure light, or UV gel lamp before you are ready to cure the gel nail?
UV gel #3 is referred to as:
Every 2 to 3 weeks
UV gels should be rebalanced:
Reducing thickness with medium grit abrasive
Soaking in acetone to soften product
Gently scraping them off using a wooden pusher
What is the best way to remove UV gels?
be exposed to UV light
Every layer of a UV gel nail enhancement must:
a liquid, a solid
Oligomers are in between ________________ and _______________.
Builder UV gel
UV gel #2 is referred to as:
Avoid skin contact
When handling the tacky layer of the UV gel, what precaution(s) apply?
_____________________ are made from either urethane acrylate or urethane methacrylate.
Very little odor
Describe UV gel odor.
Use the lamp designed for your UV gel nail system
For best results, it is important to:
You follow a regular replacement schedule
UV bulbs need to be changed when:
What are you risking when you undercure UV gel nails?
UV gels are ____________________ acrylics.