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34 terms

Digestive System Diseases

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Appendicitis
caused by an obstruction and/or infection
Appendicitis
S/S is generalized abdominal pain; N & V, pyrexia, elevated WBC
Appendicitis
Tx is an appendectomy
Cirrhosis
is a chronic destruction of the liver cells
Cirrhosis
a cause is hepatitis, bile duct dz; chemical toxins and malnutrition
Cirrhosis
tx for the dz is alcohol avoidance; proper nutrition, getting plenty of rest
Cirrhosis
s/s are liver enlragement; anemia; indigstion, N & V; epistaxis and jaundice
Constipation
causes are poor bowel habits; chronic laxative use; certain digestive dzs
Constipation
some s/s are abdominal pain and cramping, and inability to defecate.
Constipation
txs are diet high in fiber; adequate water intake and exercise regularly and enemas.
Diarrhea
this condition is characterized by frequent watery stools
Diarrhea
this condition is caused by infection, stress, diet, and irritated cooon and toxic substances.
Diarrhea
s/s of this dz are abdominal cramping generalized weakiness
Diarrhea
txs for this condition is eliminate the cause; provide adequate fluid intake and modfying the diet.
Cholelithiasis
is defined as stones in the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis
s/s of this dz are abdominal pain that may radiate toward the back and heartburn esp. eating and N & V.
Cholelithiasis
txs are a low fat diet; lithotripsy; a cholecystectomy
Lithotripsy
shock waves that are used to shatter gallstones.
Cholecystectomy
surgical removal of the gallbladder
Diverticulitis
this dz is an inflammation of the diverticula
Diverticulitis
some s/s of this dz are abdominal pain; irregular bowel moverments; flatus; constipation or diarrhea; abdominal distention; ;pyrexia; N & V and cramping.
Flatus
means gas
Diverticulitis
txs for this dz are antibiotics, stool-softening, analgesic;surgery, eating more fiber, drinking lots of fluids and exercising.
Gastroenteritis
s/s are abdominal cramping, nN & V, pyrexia and diarrhea.
Lithotripsy
Shock waves that are used to shatter the gallstones
Inguinal hernia
a section of the small intestine protrudes through the inguinal rings of the lower abdominal wall
Hepatitis A
transmitted in food or water contaminated by the feces of an infected person.
Hepatitis B
Transmitted through serum
Hepatitis C
Spread through blood and body fluid
Hepatitis
pyrexia, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, myalgia, jaundice
Gastroenteritis
inflammation of the mucous membrane that liens the stomach and intestinal tract
Gastroenteritis s/s
abdominal cramping, n & v, pyrexia, and diarrhea
Hernia
Occurs when an internal organ pushes through a weakened area or natural opening ina body wall
s/s of hernia
indigestion, abdominal distention, angina, dysphagia