48 terms

Hormones

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Growth Hormone (location)
anterior pituitary
increases bone and muscle growth, increases cell turnover rate
growth hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone (location)
anterior pituitary, tropic
targets thyroid, increases synthesis and release of thyroid hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone
prolactin (location)
anterior pituitary
mammary gland/milk production
prolactin
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) (location)
anterior pituitary
increases growth and secretory activity of adrenal cortex
adrenocorticotropic hormone
luteinizing hormone (location)
anterior pituitary, gonadotropic
ovulation, testosterone synthesis
luteinizing hormone
follicle stimulating hormone (location)
anterior pituitary
follicle development in ovaries, spermatogenesis
follicle stimulating hormone
antidiuretic hormone (location)
posterior pituitary
kidney/water retention
antidiuretic hormone
oxytocin (location)
posterior pituitary
milk letdown, uterine contractions
oxytocin
thyroid hormone (location)
thyroid
necessary for physical and mental development in children, increases metabolic rate and temperature in adults
thyroid hormone
calcitonin (location)
thyroid C cells
targets bone and kidney; lowers serum [Ca2+]
calcitonin
parathyroid hormone (location)
parathyroids
targets bone, kidney, and small intestine; raises serum [Ca2+]
parathyroid hormone
thymosin (location)
thymus
T cell development during childhood
thymosin
epinephrine (location)
adrenal medulla
sympathetic stress response
epinephrine
cortisol (location)
adrenal cortex
longer-term stress response, increases blood [glucose], increases protein catabolism, decreases inflammation and immunity
cortisol
aldosterone (location)
adrenal cortex
targets kidney, increase Na+ reabsorption to increase blood pressure
aldosterone
sex steroids (location)
adrenal cortex
overproduction causes masculinization of feminization
sex steriods
insulin (location)
ß cells of endocrine pancreas (islets of Langerhans)
decrease blood [glucose], increase glycogen and fat storage
insulin
glucagon (location)
α cells of endocrine pancreas
increases blood [glucose], decrease glycogen and fat storage
glucagon
somatostatin (location)
endocrine pancreas
inhibits many digestive processes
somatostatin
testosterone (location)
testes
male characteristics, spermatogenesis
testosterone
estrogen (location)
ovaries/placenta
female characteristics, endometrial growth
estrogen
progesterone (location)
ovaries/placenta
endometrial secretion, pregnancy
progesterone
atrial natriuretic factor (location)
heart
increases urination to decrease blood pressure
atrial natriuretic factor
erythropoietin (location)
kidney
increases red blood cell synthesis
erythropoietin