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Terms in this set (63)
Study of plants
culture of plants for food comfort and beauty
transportation production and use of flower and foliage plants
only grown for beautiful colored leaves and stems
marketing and growing of vegetables
growing and marketing of fruits and nuts
Greek. Roots absorbed nutrients
post-harvest storgage of fruits
Book "De Materia Medica" served as authority for plants for 1,500 years
Taxonomy for classifying living organisms
Foundation for science of genetics
Favorable variations would live, and unfavorable destroyed. Formation of new species
First great American landscape gardener. Mentor of Frederick Law Olmstead
Frederick Law Olmstead
Father of landscape architecture. Central Park, etc.
Liberty H. Bailey
Many books. Developed idea of extension.
soft stems. Die back to ground each year. Grass
Produce wood stems. Stay alive above ground over winter
2 cotyledons (seed leaves). Flower parts in multiples of 4s and 5s. Pinnate or palmate leaf.
Types of Dicots
Shrubs, trees, broadleaf herbs
1 cotyledon. Flower parts in multiples of 3s. Parallel leaf.
Types of monocots
lilies, palms, grass
classification of plants. Genus, species and cultivar
Tissue that transports water and minerals from roots to leaves
Tissue transports from leaves to rest of plant.
center of stem. stores food and moisture
all four major parts. sepals, petals, stamens, pistils. Apple, lily, pea
Lacking one or more major parts.
Contains both stamen and pistil
Lacks either stamen or pistil
Arrangement of flowers on stem
Complete miniature plant in resting stage
Roles of Media
Provide nutrients. Anchor plants.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
building blocks for carbohydrates, proteins, fats, nucleic acids
stem and leaf growth. Green color
Vigor and disease resistance. Stomata
Strength of Cell walls
Chlorophyll and photosynthesis
Root growth. Protein formation
Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium
Calcium, Magnesium, Sulfur
Boron, Copper, Chlorine, Iron, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Zinc
Yellowing of green parts of a plant
Dramatically stimulates growth. Internodal
Antisenesence- aka anti-aging
Promotes fruit drop. Leaves fall off.
Ripens fruit. Leaves to age.
Lethal Dose 50%. Grams of Substance/Kilograms of person
Decreases vigor and affects appearance
causes most problem. ex. Powdery mildew
Ne cell/nucleus, protein head
One celled. Causes brown/black spot.
Predators/Five Major Pests
Lacewing, Ladybug, Mantis, Wasp, Spider
Cultural Control:Management techniques to control pests
TMV: Don't smoke around tobacco
Mad Cow Disease: Wash truck/boots
Predators (beneficial insects)
Integrated Pest Management
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