10th Grade Vocab Unit 1

(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise, official approval
approbation (synonyms and antonyms)
commendation, sanction;
disapproval, condemnation, censure
(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
assuage (synonyms and antonyms)
mitigate, alleviate, slake, allay;
intensify, aggravate, exacerbate
(n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
coalition (synonyms and antonyms)
alliance, league, federation, combine;
splinter group
(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
decadence (synonyms and antonyms)
degeneration, corruption;
rise, growth, development, maturation
(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source
elicit (synonyms and antonyms)
call forth, evoke, extract, educe;
repress, quash, squelch, stifle
(v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
expostulate (synonyms)
protest, remonstrate, complain
(adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality
hackneyed (synonyms and antonyms)
banal, trite, commonplace, corny;
new, fresh, novel, original
(n.) a gap, opening, break
hiatus (synonyms and antonyms)
pause, lacuna;
continuity, continuation
(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference
innuendo (synonyms and antonyms)
insinuation, intimation;
direct statement
(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
intercede (synonyms)
intervene, mediate
(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled
jaded (synonyms and antonyms)
sated, surfeited, cloyed;
unspoiled, uncloyed
(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
lurid (synonyms and antonyms)
gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly;
pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome
(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise
meritorious (synonyms and antonyms)
praiseworthy, laudable, commendable;
blameworthy, reprehensible, discreditable
(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
petulant (synonyms and antonyms)
irritable, testy, waspish;
even-tempered, placid, serene, amiable
(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
prerogative (synonyms)
perquisite, perk
(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony
provincial (synonyms and antonyms)
(adj.) narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naive;
(adj.) cosmopolitan, catholic, broad-minded
(v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
simulate (synonyms)
feign, pretend, affect
(v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed
transcend (synonyms)
surpass, outstrip
(n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspician
umbrage (synonyms and antonyms)
irritation, pique, annoyance;
pleasure, delight, satisfaction
(adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
unctuous (synonyms and antonyms)
mealymouthed, servile, fawning, greasy;
gruff, blunt