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686 terms

core french verbs

a list of 681 verbs i found on dudziak.com
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abaisser
to lower (e.g. one's judgement or opinion)
abasourdir
to daze, bewilder
abattre
to knock down
abolir
to abolish
absoudre
to absolve
s'abstenir
to abstain
accepter
to accept
acclamer
to cheer, acclaim
accompagner
to accompany
accorder
to admit
accourir
to rush up, run up (against, to) (IF)
accrocher
to hang (up)
accueillir
to welcome
accuser
to accuse, acknowledge
acheter
to buy
achever
to achieve
acquérir
to acquire, gain
adjoindre
to appoint
admettre
to admit
admirer
to admire
adorer
to adore
adresser
to address
advenir
to happen
affaiblir
to weaken
agacer
to annoy
agir
to act, take action; to behave; to have an effect (as in medicine)
aider
to help
aimer
to like, to love
ajouter
to add
aller
to go
aménager
to arrange for an intended use (to fit)
amener
to bring; to take, transport (s.o. or s.t. somewhere); to lead (an animal or a life)
amuser
to amuse
animer
to bring to life (a party)
annoncer
to announce
apercevoir
to notice, perceive, detect, see
apprendre par coeur (mémoriser)
to memorize
apparaître
to appear
appartenir
to belong
appeler
to call
apporter
to bring
apprendre
to learn
approcher
to approach
approuver
to approve (of)
armer
to arm
arracher
to pull up/out
arraisonner
to hail
arranger
to arrange
arrêter
to stop, arrest
arriver
to arrive
assaillir
to assail
asseoir
to sit down
assister
to attend
assurer
to assure
astreindre (forcer, obliger)
to compel sombody (IF)
attaquer
to attack
atteindre
to attain
attendre
to wait for
attirer
to attract
attraper
to catch
augmenter
to increase
avancer
to advance
aventurer
to venture
avoir
to have
avoir besoin
to need
avoir raison
to be right
baisser
to lower
balancer
to balancer; to swing (rock back and forth)
balayer
to sweep
bâtir
to build, construct, erect
battre
to beat
bavarder
to chat
bêler
to bleat (like a sheep)
bénir
to bless
blaguer
to joke
blâmer
to blame
blanchir
to bleach
blesser
to hurt, offend
boire
to drink
bouger
to move
bouillir
to boil
briser
tr: to shatter, smash, break to pieces, crush; intr. to break, shatter
brosser
to brush
broyer
to crush, grind
brûler
to burn
cacher
to hide
casser
to break
causer
to chat, cause
céder
to give up
ceindre
to put on (clothes, etc.), don (formal or literary, rare, IF), gird
célébrer
to celebrate
cesser
to cease
changer
to change
chanter
to sing
charger
to load, burden, pack, entrust, assign, appoint
chasser
to hunt, chase
cheminer
to walk on
chercher
to look for
chérir
to cherish
choisir
to choose
chuchoter
to whisper
circoncire
to circumcise
circonscrire
to define, delimit; to outline (a subject, problem); to contain (a fire); to mark out (a property)
circonvenir
to circumvent
clore
to close
coller
to stick
combattre
to combat
commander
to order
commencer
to begin, to start
commettre
to commit, perpetrate
comparaître
to appear (before a judge)
comparer
to compare
compléter
to complete
comprendre
to understand
compter
to count, intend
concevoir
to conceive
conclure
to conclude
concourir
to compete
conduire
to drive
confire
to preserve (think fruit, preserves)
confondre
to confuse
conjoindre
to join together, unite
connaître
to know (someone, some place, etc.)
conquérir
to conquer
conseiller
to advise, recommend, counsel, urge
consentir
to consent
considérer
to consider
consommer
to consume
construire
to construct
contenir
to contain, to fit
conter (raconter)
to recount, to tell
continuer
to continue
contraindre
to compel
contredire
to contradict
contrevenir
to contravene
contrôler
to control
convaincre
to convince
convenir
to convene
correspondre
to correspond
corriger
to correct
corrompre
to corrupt
coucher
to put to bed
coudre
to sew
couper
to cut
courir
to run
coûter
to cost
couvrir
to cover
craindre
to fear (perceive as dangerous, or respect, revere)
créer
to create
crier
to shout
croire
to believe
cueillir
to pick, collect, pluck, gather
cuire
to cook
culpabiliser
to make one feel guilty
danser
to dance
débattre
to debate
décevoir
to disappoint, let s.b. down (IF)
déchirer
to rip
décider
to decide
déclore
to reopen (lit. "un-close")
déconfire
to be beaten
découdre
to unsew, to rip (a seam)
décourager
to discourage
découvrir
to discover
décrire
to describe
se dédire
to retract, to go back on one's word
déduire
to deduce
défaillir
to faint
défaire
to undo
défendre
to defend
défricher
to lay groundwork
dégager
to free
déjeuner
to have breakfast (CF), lunch (IF)
demander
to ask for
déménager
tr: to move (a house, business, building); intr. to move, relocate, change residence
demeurer
to dwell, live, reside (rel. rester, habiter); to abide, linger, stay, remain
démolir
to demolish
dénoncer
to denounce
départir
to depart, go away, leave
dépasser
to exceed
dépêcher
to hurry
dépeindre
to depict
dépendre
to depend
dépenser
to spend
déplaire
to displease
déranger
to disturb
descendre
to descend
désirer
to desire, want, lust, wish
désobéir
to disobey
dessiner
to draw
déteindre
to bleach
détenir
to hold, detain
détester
to detest, hate
détourner
to divert
détruire
to destroy
développer
to develop
devenir
to become
dévêtir
to undress
deviner
to guess (a secret), to solve (a puzzle)
devoir
to have to
différer
to differ
diminuer
to diminish
dîner
to have dinner
dire
to say
diriger
to direct
discourir
to discourse, expatiate, orate
discuter
to discuss
disjoindre
to separate that which was joined, disconnect
disparaître
to disappear
dissoudre
to dissolve
divorcer
to divorce
donner
to give
dormir
to sleep
doubler
to line a box, coat (with), add lining to (clothing, etc.) CF; to pass (from one grade to the next); to double an amount, speed, string; to dub a film, actor; to overtake a vehicle; (Infml) to pull a fast one on somebody
douter
to doubt
échapper
to escape
échouer
to fail
éclore
to hatch
éconduire
to spurn, get rid of, dismiss
écouter
to listen
écraser
to crush
écrire
to write
effacer
to erase
effrayer
to frighten
égayer
to entertain
élever
to raise
élire
to elect
éloigner
to move away
embrasser
to kiss, embrace
emmener
tr: to lead away, carry away; to bring; intr: to conduct o.s. in a rowdy or noisy way
émoudre
to sharpen
emparer
to impare
empêcher
to prevent
employer
to employ, use
empreindre
to imprint
emprunter
to borrow
enclore
to enclose
encourager
to encourage
encourir
to incur
endormir
to fall asleep
enduire
to coat, smear
enfreindre
to infringe
s'enfuir
to run away (reflexive)
engager
to hire, engage, employ; to bind
enjoindre
to enjoin
enlever
to remove
s'ennuyer
to be lonesome, feel lonely; to become lonely, get lonesome; to miss, be lonesome for
énoncer
to state, set out (conditions), express (ideas)
enquérir (s')
to inquire
enregistrer
to record
enseigner
to teach
ensuivre (s')
to ensue
entendre
to hear, to listen to
enterrer
to bury
entraîner
to involve, to pull
entreprendre
to undertake
entrer
to enter
entretenir
to look after, maintain, nourish, keep alive (as in cherish)
entrouvrir
to half-open
envoler
to take flight
envoyer
to send
épeler
to spell
épouser
to marry, wed; to embrace, espouse
épreindre
to juice
éprouver (essayer)
to test, try, try out, experience, go through
équivaloir
to equal
espérer
to hope
essayer
to try
essuyer
to wipe
estimer
to estimate
établir
to establish
éteindre
to extinguish, turn off
étendre
to stretch
étonner
to astonish
étourdir
to stun, daze
être
to be
étreindre
to embrace
étudier
to study
évaluer
to evaluate
éviter
to avoid
exagérer
to exaggerate
exclure
to exclude
excuser
to excuse
exiger
to require, insist on, demand
exister
to exist
expliquer
to explain
explorer
to explore
exprimer
to express
fâcher
to anger
faiblir
to weaken
faillir
to fail (to keep a promise or honor a commitment)
faire
to make, to do
falloir
to be necessary
feindre
to feign
féliciter
to congratulate
fendre
to split, cleave, rend
fermer (clore)
to close
feuilleter
to leaf through
fier
to depend on
finir
to finish
fixer
to fix, determine, attach
fonder
to found
fondre
to melt
forcer
to force
forclore
to debar
fouiller
to dig deeply
fournir
to furnish, provide
frapper
to knock
frémir
to shudder
frire
to fry
fuir
to flee
fumer
to smoke
gagner
to win, earn, gain
garder
to keep
gaspiller
to waste
gâter
to spoil
geindre
to groan
geler
to freeze
gêner
to bother
gérer
to manage
goûter
to taste
grandir
to grow
gratter
to scrape, scratch, grate
grêler
to hail
grimper
to climb
gronder
to scold
guérir
to cure, heal, recover
habiller
to dress
habiter
to reside, dwell
haïr
to hate
hésiter
to hesitate
hoqueter
to hiccup
ignorer
to be unaware of, ignore
imposer
to impose
inclure
to include
indiquer
to indicate
induire
to induce, lead
informer
to inform
inquiéter
to worry
inscrire
to write down, record, register
insister
to insist
instruire
to instruct
interdire
to forbid, prohibit, ban; to ban (a book)
intéresser
to interest
interroger
to interrogate
questionner
to question
interrompre
to interrupt
intervenir
to intervene
introduire
to introduce
inventer
to invent
inviter
to invite
jaillir
to spurt out, gush, erupt, spray
jaser
to chatter, prattle, babble
jaunir
to turn yellow
jeter
to throw
joindre
to join
jouer
to play
jouir
to enjoy
juger
to judge
jurer
to swear, vow, pledge, affirm
kidnapper
to kidnap
klaxonner
to honk
lâcher
to loosen
laisser
to let, allow, leave
lancer
to launch, initiate, throw
laver
to wash
lever
to lift, stand
lire
to read
loger
to lodge
louer
to rent
luire
to shine
maigrir
to lose weight
maintenir
to maintain
manger
to eat
manquer
to miss
marcher
to walk, to function
maudire
to curse, damn
méconnaître
to be unaware of
médire
to malign, to speak ill (of), (say bad things about)
méfier
to mistrust
mélanger
to mix
menacer
to threaten
mener
to lead
mentir
to lie
méprendre
to mistake
mépriser
to scorn
mériter
to merit
mesurer
to measure
mettre
to put
modérer
to moderate
monter
to climb
montrer
to show
moquer
to mock
mordre
to bite
moudre
to mill, grind
mouiller
to wet
mourir
to die
nager
to swim
naître
to be born
naviguer
to navigate
négliger
to neglect
négocier
to negotiate
neiger
to snow
nettoyer
to clean
neutraliser
to neutralize
nier
to deny
noircir
to blacken
nommer
to name
noter
to write down
nouer
to tie, knot
nourrir
to feed
noyer
to drown
nuire
to harm
obéir
to obey
obliger
to oblige
obtenir
to obtain, to get
occlure
to occlude, shut, close
occuper
to occupy
offrir
to offer
oindre
to anoint
omettre
to omit
oser
to dare
oublier
to forget
ouvrir
to open
paraître
to seem
parcourir
to cover, travel
pardonner
to forgive
parler
to talk
partager
to share
participer
to participate
partir
to leave
parvenir
to reach, get to a place, achieve success, reach an age; to manage to do
passer
to pass, spend time
patiner
to skate
payer
to pay
pécher
to sin
pêcher
to fish
peigner
to comb
peindre
to paint
peler
to peel
pendre
to hang, hang down; to dangle, hang out (of a tongue), hang down (of hair, dress), sag
pénétrer
to come in, get in, penetrate, enter
penser
to think
percevoir
to perceive
perdre
to lose
périr
to perish
permettre
to permit, to allow
persuader
to persuade
peser
to weigh
pianoter
to tap (like a piano)
placer
to put, situate (in a specific spot)
plaindre
to pity
plaire
to please
plaisanter (blaguer, bêtiser, farcer, couillonner)
to joke
planter
to plant, to crash (pc)
pleurer
to cry, weep
mouiller (pleuvoir, IF)
to rain
plier
to fold, bend
plonger
to dive
poindre
to dawn
pondre
to lay (an egg)
porter
to wear, carry
poser
to ask, put, place, lay down, set
posséder
to possess
poursuivre
to pursue
pousser
to push
pouvoir
to be able
prédire
to predict
préférer
to prefer
prendre
to take
préparer (parer)
to prepare
prescrire
to order, command; to stipulate, lay down (a law), (Med) prescribe; (fig) to strongly recommend (a book)
présenter
to introduce (or present someone to)
pressentir
to have a premonition
presser
to squeeze
prétendre
to claim
prêter
to loan, lend, borrow, advance
prévaloir (se)
to pride oneself on
prévenir
to warn, caution, forewarn
prévoir
to foresee, make provisions, plan
prier
to pray to, implore, beg
produire
to produce
projeter
to project
promener
to walk
promettre
to promise
prononcer
to pronounce
proposer
to propose, suggest
proscrire
to prohibit
protéger
to protect
prouver
to prove
provenir
to come from, be due to
puer
to stink
punir
to punish
quérir
to summon
quitter
to leave
raconter
to tell, recount
ralentir
to slow down
ranger
to arrange
rappeler
to recall
rassurer
to reassure
rater
to fail; to misfire, fail to fire
ravir
to delight
recevoir
to receive
reconduire
to renew
reconnaître
to recognize
reconstruire
to rebuild
recoudre
to sew back on
recourir
to run again
recouvrir
to recover
récrire
to rewrite
recueillir
to collect, gather
rédiger
to write, draft, draw up, write out
redire
to repeat (to say again)
réduire
to reduce
réélire
to re-elect
refaire
to redo
réfléchir
to think, reflect, ponder
refléter
to reflect, mirror
refuser
to refuse
regarder
to look at
regretter
to regret
rejeter
to reject
rejoindre
to rejoin
relire
to reread
remarquer
to remark or comment (to notice)
remercier
to thank
remettre
to put back (on)
remoudre
to regrind
remplacer
to replace
remplir
to fill
rencontrer
to meet
rendre
to give back
renoncer
to renounce
renouveler
to renew
rentrer
to return home
renvoyer
to dismiss
répandre
to spread, spill
reparaître
to reappear
réparer
to repair
repasser
to iron, to pass again
repeindre
to repaint
repentir (se)
to repent
repérer
to locate
répéter
to repeat
répondre
to answer
reposer
to rest
reprendre
to take again, to recover
réprimander
to reprimand
reproduire
to reproduce
résoudre
to resolve
ressembler
to resemble
ressentir
to feel, to feel again; to smell again; to feel pain, experience a shock, sensation
rester
to remain
restreindre
to restrict
reteindre
to dye again
retenir
to retain
retourner
to return, revert, turn back
réussir
to succeed
réveiller
to wake up
révéler
to reveal
revendiquer
to take responsibility
revenir
to come back
rêver
to dream
revêtir
to put on, dress
revoir
to see again
riposter
to counteract
rire
to laugh, to smile
rompre
tr: to break (into two pieces), break off; intr: to break, snap, rupture
rougir
to redden, blush
rouler
to roll, to drive (a car)
rouvrir
to reopen
saillir
to stick out, stand out, protrude
saisir
to seize
salir
to soil, dirty, besmirch
satisfaire
to satisfy
sauter
to jump
sauver
"to save, rescue"
savoir
to know
secouer
to shake
secourir
to aid, help, assist
séduire
to seduce
séjourner
to stay (to sojourn)
sembler
to seem
sentir
to feel, smell
séparer
to separate
serrer
to tighten (an object); to squeeze, press, to grip (an object); to put away, put back in place; to put aside, save (money); to economize, be thrifty
servir
to serve
siffler
to whistle
signaler
to signal
signer
to sign
signifier
to mean
skier
to ski
songer
to daydream, be preoccupied, meditate, ponder
sonner
to ring
sortir
to go out
souffler
to breathe, blow, pant
souffrir
to suffer
souhaiter
to wish
souiller
to soil
soumettre
to submit
sourire
to smile
souscrire
to subscribe (IF only)
soutenir
to support
souvenir (se)
to remember
subir
to undergo, suffer, sustain (a loss or pain)
subvenir
to provide for
succomber
to succumb
sucer
to suck
suffire
to suffice
suggérer
to suggest
suivre
to follow
supplier
to implore, beg
supporter
to support, endure
supposer
to suppose
surprendre
to surprise
survenir
to occur
survivre
to survive, live on
survoler
to fly over
susciter
to arouse, spark, give rise to (as in cause), create
tapoter
to tap
teindre
to dye
téléphoner
to telephone, call on the phone
tendre
to strain, strive
tenir
to hold
tenter
to entice, try, tempt
terminer
to end
tirer
to fire (shoot), pull (drag), draw (haul), tow
tomber
to fall
tondre
to shear, mow
tonner
to thunder
toquer
to knock
tordre
to twist
toucher
to touch, feel, hit; to affect (s.b. or s.t.)
tourner
to turn
tousser
to cough
tracer
to sketch, outline, draw
traduire
to translate
trahir
to betray
traiter
to deal, process, handle, cover, treat; to negotiate
transcrire
to transcribe
transmettre
to transmit
transparaître
to show through
travailler
to work
traverser
to cross
tressaillir
to shudder
tricher
to trick, cheat
tromper
to cheat, deceive, mislead
trouver
to find
tuer
to kill
tutoyer
to use "tu"
unifier
to unify
unir
to unite, join, bring together
user
to wear out
utiliser
to use
vaincre
to defeat
valoir
to be worth
vanter
to praise, boast, extol
varier
to vary
veiller
to stay up
vendre
to sell
venger
to avenge
venir
to come
verdir
to turn green
vérifier
to verify
verser
to pour
vêtir
to clothe
vieillir
to age, make old
viser (pointer)
to aim
visiter
to visit
vivre
to live
voiler
to veil, cover (one's face)
voir
to see
voler
to steal, fly
voter
to vote
vouloir
to want
vouvoyer
to use "vous"
voyager
to travel
warranter
to guarantee with a warrant
zébrer
to stripe
zézayer
to lisp
zoner
to zone
mirer
to aim at
priver
to deprive
se priver
to do without, abstain from, deny o.s. (food etc.)
s'agir
to be the question, have to do with
effondrer
to collapse, fall, slump