16 terms

6 grade temperature, heat, and energy

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temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the individual particles in matter
conduction
heat transfer from one particle to another without the movement of matter
convection
heat tranfer by the movements of currents within a fluid
absolute zero
the temperature where no more thermal energy can be removed from matter
conductor
a material that conducts heat well
thermal expansion
the expanding of matter when it is heated
heat
thermal energy that is transferred from matter at a higher temperature to matter at a lower temperature
specific heat
the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a material by 1 degree Kelvin
radiation
the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
insulator
a material that does not conduct heat well
Hot Objects
atoms move faster
Cold Objects
atoms move slower
Insulators
do not allow heat to pass
Radiation
heat transfer through outer space
Heat transfers through
Conduction, Radition, Convection
Energy Transfer
will always be from higher temperature to a lower temperature