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imperialism study guide
Terms in this set (38)
What is imperialism?
One country that has political, economic or cultural domination in another country
What was the only Southern Asian nation to remain independent?
What were some of the justifications and motivations for imperialism?
It was the white men responsibility to civilize other people
What was quinine?
a drug that prevented Malaria
The maxim gun?
machine guns that was much quicker than a regular gun and helped to persuade the Africans and Asians for the west to take control.
What were the causes and results of the Opium Wars?
Opium was illegal in China- British opposed the enforcement of this law
Result- chinese gave Britain Hong Kong, British forced Chinese to accept new trade, unequal treaties were signed by France, Russia, US
Lead to Tai Ping Rebellion
What was the Boxer rebellion? Why was it fought?
When the foreigners were beheaded and all goods were stolen; It was fought because the Chinese government brought in foreigners to stop the rebellion and lead to the hatred for the government.
What were spheres of influence? What country was split into spheres of influence?
When separate countries control parts of another country, China
What were the causes and results of the Philippine-American War?
Causes- did not want occupation of Americans
Results- death, Aguinaldo (leader) captured,
What were Sepoys? What caused them to revolt? What does Indian historian Amaresh Misra claim happened in response to the revolt?
Sepoys- were hired Indian soldiers by British
Cause- British bullets were greased with cow pig
Claims- 10 million Indians were killed
What was China's last dynasty?
The Qing Dynasty - that was weakening
Who was Cecil Rhodes?
strongest british promoter of empire
wrote confessions of faith
Believed that Western culture was superior, in favor of imperialism, wanted to connect english colonies from Cape to Cairo
What was the battle of Omdurman?
British killed 10,000 Sudanese, last battle that allowed British to conquer Sudan
What was the Scramble for Africa?
Several countries began setting up colonies in Africa
What conference led to the Scramble for Africa?
To avoid conflict among the European powers, the countries decided on which countries got control of parts of Africa.
What were the only two African nations to remain independent?
Liberia and Ethiopia
What was the Battle of Isandhlwana?
The British were defeated by the Zulu
What was the Anglo-Boer war?
British attempting to conquer the Boer territory again
What was the first nation in Latin America to gain its independence? Why did the US refuse to recognize them as an independent nation?
Haiti, independence was by a slave rebellion and US still had slaves
Who was Miguel Hidalgo?
A priest from Mexico who began the Mexican struggle for independence and was executed.
leader of Mexican War of Independence
What two men are known as the liberators of South America?
Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin
Summarize the poem the White Man's Burden. What was the "white man's burden"?
The White Man's Burden was a justification for imperialism, the whites said they were superior so they were doing a favor to those they conquered.
- burden was he has to civilize poor people
What were the positives he believed European rule would bring to the natives?
Positives- no more war, hunger, sickness + new religion
In Things Fall Apart, what changes did the white man bring to Umuofia? What can we learn from the differences between Achebe's title "Things Fall Apart" and the European commissioner's book title?
White man brought- religion, prison, laws, justice system, money, goverment
Things fall apart- civilization is destroyed with Europeans
Europe- Europe is the adult, America is the baby
What is Linqvuist's thesis in Exterminate All The Brutes? (Put this answer in your own words). What are some examples of past genocides he mentions to help support his argument?
Thesis- Hitler's ideas were not unique, an extension on something that has been in Europe for years and was celebrated when conquering other places.
American Indians, Guanches, Tasmanians, Sudanese,
Find four ways that Things Fall Apart can be considered a response to White Man's Burden.
Converting natives to European religion, made men joining european army, killed natives, prison of natives- judged on white man laws,
What does Naoroji list as the benefits and detriments of British rule in India? (List at least four of each).
Benefits- freedom of speech, education for both genders, charitable aid in time of famine, remarriage of widows, telegraph, increase of exports
Negatives- more exports without right compensation, dislike for natives, more taxes, loss of manufacturing industry ie skill
Who was Hong Xiuquan? Why did people follow him?
-Thought he was the second son of God, the brother of Jesus and sent to be the savior of China.
-He had a dream that he was given a sword and was ordered to kill all the evil demons infesting the world.
-He converted to his own brand of Christianity and baptized many followers
-People followed him because they believed his religious message, were inspired by his promise of economic and gender equality, and others wanted to eliminate foreign conquerors
What were the goals and promises of the Taiping?
Equality of men and women- soldiers
Reward after death
Outlawed the use of opium, tradition chinese texts
How was the government finally able to end the rebellion?
With help of foreign armies
How many people died as a result of the rebellion?
20 million people
Who was Li Xiucheng?
Last loyal Taiping generals to be captured by the Qing
Wanted to manufacture weapons to protect against foreign allies who would invade after rebellion
Who was King Leopold? How did he justify his intervention in Africa?
King of Belgium- set up a personal colony in Africa
he was intervening in Africa to decide route and open Europe's civilization up
How were the natives in the "Congo Free State" treated? (Be specific).
Were chained together
Hold wives hostage for rubber
Cut off heads
Left babies to die on the side of the road
Soldiers beat natives
Did not pay for ivory & rubber
Who was Edmund Morel and what did he discover?
Low level clerk for a shipping company
Discovered- shipping records did not match up/ Congo was a massive slave state
For what reasons does he say that expansion of the British Empire would be positive? Where does he propose expanding?
- more labor to use
expand the great English race,
poor savages would be influenced by the greatest race,
end of all wars under English influence
-most of the world
Why does he want to form a secret society?
expand the British Empire-recover from losing America
whole uncivilized world under British rule
Why does he say it would have been better for America if they had not become independent from Britain?
America's government is falling apart
why would they not want to under the influence of the greatest country in the world
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