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54 terms

Critical Thinking - Complete Set English-English

English- definitions of basic vocabulary used in reasoning and arguments
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Critical Thinking
a process by which we use our knowledge and intelligence to effectively arrive at the most reasonable and justifiable positions on issues
Reasoning
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Belief
a feeling of being sure that something exists or that something is true
to believe
to accept or regard something as true
to know
be aware of through observation, inquiry, or information
knowledge
information or facts that you have in your mind about something
Intelligence
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Argument
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Observation
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Evidence
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Opinion
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To question
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To Justify
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To Analyze
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Independent
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Assumption
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Fair-minded
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Intellectual humility
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Intellectual arrogance
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Contradiction
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Bias (n.) (inclination, prejudice)
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Bias(s) ed in favor of
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Logic
المَنطِق
Inference, (deduction)
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Induction
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Premise
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Conclusion
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Come to a conclusion
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Sound (the premises are true)
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Sound Argument
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Unsound (argument)
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Argument
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Opinion
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Valid
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Invalid
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This is a valid argument
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This argument has a valid form
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Fallacy
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Begging the Question
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False Cause
السبب كاذبة
Either/Or Fallacy
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Appeal (these are commonly called fallacies)
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Appeal to Ignorance
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Appeal to Popularity
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Appeal to Tradition
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Appeal to Force
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Appeal to Authority
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Gambler's Fallacy
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Scientific Method
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Hypothesis, Hypotheses
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Proof
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Analysis
the careful examination of the different parts or details of something
Peer pressure
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Socio-centricity
regarding one's own social group as superior to that of others