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44 terms

Nail Diseases & disorders chapter 24

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nail disorder
is condition caused by injury or disease
bruised nails
blood clot forms under the nail plate forming dark purplish spot
ridges
running vertically down the length of the natural nail plate, caused by uneven growth of the nails
eggshell nails
thin, white nail plates that are much more flexible than nornal
beau's lines
visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate
onychophagy
condition in which the living skin splits around the nail cuticle and safe to work on in salon
leukonychia spots
white spots,are a whitish discoloration of the nails, usually caused by injury to the nail matrix
melanonychia
is darkening of the fingernails or toenails.it may be seen as a black band within the nail plate
onychophagy
bitten nails
onychorrhexis
split or bittle nails have a series of lengthwise ridges arough appearance to the surfaces
plicatured nail
folded nail a highly curved nail plate cause by injury to the matrix, but may be inherited
nail pterygium
abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by the nail plate
trumpet nails
pincer nails edge of the nail plate curl around to form the shape of a trumpet
fungi
are parasites
corrugations
wavy ridges
furrows
depressions in the nail that run either lengthwise or across the nail
melanonychia
darking of the fingernails or toenails
tile shaped nails
increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate
onychocryptosis
ingrown nails
onychogryposis
thickening and increased curvature of the nail
paronychia
felon bacterial inflammation of the tissues around the nail
pyogenic granuloma
severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to nail plate
tinea ringworm
reddened patches of small blisters slight or severe itching
tinea unguium
whitish patches on the nail that can be scraped off or long yellowish streaks within the nail substance.
onychosis
term used for any deformity or disease of the nails
onychia
inflammation of the nail matrix with shredding of the nail
tinea pedis
fingal infections of the feet ringworm of the feet
onychomycosis
fungal infection of the nail plate whitish patches that can be scraped off the surface of the nail
smooth and unspotted
a normal healthy nail is firm and flexible and should be
injury or disease
a nail disorder is classified as a condition that is caused by
carefully buff the nail plate
when performing nail services on a client with nail ridges running vertically down the nail plate, it is recommendedthat the technician
plicatured nail
a common term used to describe a nail with a highly curved nail plate is
fungi
parasites that under some conditions may cause infection to the feet and hands are
mold
discolorations of nail plate and artificial enhancements
yellow green spot on the nail
a typical bacterial infection on the nail plate can be identified in the early stagesas a:
onycholysis
the lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding is a nail disease called:
paronychia
a bacterial inflammation
pseudomonas aeruginosa
the naturally occurring skin bacteria that can grow out of control and cause an infection if conditions are correct is:
what conditions usually cause eggshell nails?
improper diet hereditary factors internal disease or medication
beau's lines
visible depressionss running across the width of the natural nail plate are
eponychin or hyponychium
nail pterygium is abnormal damage to the
injury or disease
a nail disorder is classified as a condition that is caused by
onychomadesis
lifting and falling off of nail plate
pterygium
forward growth of the cuticle