Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Cold War Test
Terms in this set (73)
The Yalta Conference
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
The Potsdam Conference
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
The Marshall Plan
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
The Iron Curtain
An imaginary barrier or wall that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
British Prime Minister and leader during World War II
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism, that mainly helped Greece and Turkey
The policy the U.S had where they were focusing on the issues of other countries in order to prevent the spread of communism
The Berlin Airlift
U.S airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel, by airplanes, to citizens of West Berlin when the Soviets closed off land access
The Nuremberg Trials
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes
The United Nations
An organization of nations that was formed in 1945 to promote peace, security, and international cooperation.
An economic system in which private businesses run most industries and free enterprise
An economic system in which all resources are shared and controlled by the government
32nd President of the United States (1933-1945) and a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war
The leader of Russia as dictator during WWII who wanted to spread communism throughout the world
A former communist country also called the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe
The Arms Race
The competition between the US and the Soviet Union to have superior weaponry and technology
The Cold War
Following of World War II: A war between democracy and communism, primarily between the US and western Europe, And the Soviet Union and eastern Europe.
Ho Chi Minh
North Vietnamese communist leader who fought the Japanese in World War II, The French until 1954 and South Vietnam until 1975
The Geneva Accords
This divided the country into communist north and capitalist south
The 17th Parallel
Where Vietnam was divided by the Geneva Accords, or North Vietnam and South Vietnam
The Viet Cong
A Communist army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to respond and take military action Vietnam because he didn't want the USSR to take over Vietnam and make it a communist country
The Pentagon Papers
A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.
A law requiring all people of certain ages to serve in the military.
A jellied gasoline that the US used from airplanes in the Vietnam War
A chemical the U.S. used to destroy plant life in the jungle, but contaminated drinking water and caused birth defects from those who were contaminated
A massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.
A massacre of hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers during the Vietnam War
The civilian population and their activities of a country at war
Kent State Massacre
Protests to the war that lead to National Guard being called in and shot students because they burned the ROTC building
Americans who supported the Vietnam War.
Became the 38th president of the United States, after Nixon resigned in 1974. He pardoned Nixon of all crimes that he may have committed. The Vietnam War ended in 1975, in which he evacuated 500,000 Americans and South Vietnamese from Vietnam and closed the war
Freedom from punishment
The Watergate Scandal
a political scandal involving abuse of power and bribery and obstruction of justice
Vice President under Nixon, who resigned for extortion and bribery charges
Led to a treaty limiting US and Soviet weapons
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms
President of the United States from 1969 to 1974. In the face of likely impeachment for the Watergate scandal, he resigned.
40th president of the United States, implemented sweeping new political and economic initiatives.
39th President who stressed human rights.
a general and progressive increase in prices
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
government control over every aspect of public and private life
an economic system based on private ownership of capital
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain
The act of accusing people of disloyalty and communism
a competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
acting according to certain accepted standards
Cuban Missile Crisis
Brink-of-war confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over the latter's placement of nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba.
Assassination of JFK
shot in head while in open top limousine, possible conspiracy, nation shocked and deeply upset
the French colonies of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
a culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture
The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Lee Harvey Oswald
United States assassin of President John F. Kennedy
Bay of Pigs
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961, which was sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
Highway Act of 1956
Law that provided $32 billion for 41,000 miles of highway construction.
Carter wanted cut down on foregin oil supports and on American reliance on petroleum, and use alternate sources
People from the citys moved to a suburban community because it was more quite in a suburb
Americans who opposed the Vietnam War.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
United states history Final Exam Review
Final Exam History 1302
Cold War Vocab sets 1-5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Cold War - order of presidents
Cold War Test
Cold War Vocab
Vocab "All Summer in a day"
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
C459 Introduction to Probability and Sta…
Physics 152 Exam 2 - Practice Questions
Lesson 1: Seeing
MCB 148 Learning Objectives