APUSH Chapter 34
Terms in this set (29)
Franklin D Roosevelt
often referred to by his initials FDR, was the thirty-second President of the United States. Elected to four terms in office, he served from 1933 to 1945, and is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms of office. He was a central figure of the 20th century during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war.
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
Huey P (Kingfish) Long
la politicain and senator criticized new deal and set up share our wealth society
the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented
Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression
the special session of Congress that Roosevelt called to launch his New Deal programs. The special session lasted about three months: 100 days.
Reform, Relief, Recovery
guarantees that no state can deny the right to vote on the basis of sex
Twenty first Amendment
repealed the 18th amendment because it turned milllions of americans who wernt normally lawbreakers into law breakers
Glass Steagall Act
established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and included banking reforms, some of which were designed to control speculation
Civilian Conservation Corps
Relief: (CCC) March 31, 1933; reduced poverty/unemployment, helped young men and families; young men go to rural camps for 6 months to do construction work; $1/day; intended to help youth escape cities; concerned with soil erosion, state/national parks, telephone/power lines; 40 hr weeks
Works Progress Administration
May 6, 1935- Began under Hoover and continued under Roosevelt but was headed by Harry L. Hopkins. Provided jobs and income to the unemplyed but couldn't work more than 30 hours a week. It built many public buildings and roads, and as well operated a large arts project.
National Recovery Act
Plan devised by the emergency congress designed to combine immediate relief and long-range recovery. It was designed to help the unemployed, labor, and industry. (pg 781)
Stated that congress could not delegate legislative powers to the executive. Also known as the sick chicken decision because of the involvement of a fowl business in new york. (pg 782)
Public Works Administration
1933; set aside $3 billion to create jobs building roads, sewers, public housing units, and other civic necessities.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Recovery: (AAA); May 12, 1933; restricted crop production to reduce crop surplus; goal was to reduce surplus to raise value of crops; farmers paid subsidies by federal government; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in US vs Butler on January 6, 1936
western Kansas and Oklahoma, northern Texas, and eastern Colorado and New Mexico; long periods of drought and destructive farming methods ruined farming in the region
The Grapes of Wrath
The story follows the fortunes of a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California. based on the great depression written by John Steinbeck
Commission of Indian Affairs
The BIA's responsibilities once included providing health care services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. In 1954, that function was legislatively transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, now known as the Department of Health and Human Services, where it has remained to this day as the Indian Health Service (IHS).
Securities and Exchange Commission
An independent agency of the government that regulates financial markets and investment companies
Tennessee Valley Authority
A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.
Federal Housing Authority
Established by FDR during the depression in order to provide low-cost housing coupled with sanitary condition for the poor
Social Security Act
guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
created NLRB to administer Wagner Act; provide employees the right to select a union with exclusive power as the collective bargaining agent, outlaws certain management unfair labor practices.
National Labor Relations Board
an independent agency of the United States government charged with mediating disputes between management and labor unions
Congress of Industrial Organizations
a federation of North American industrial unions that merged with the American Federation of Labor in 1955
conservative group who complained New Deal interfered with buisnesses and peoples lives
Court Packing Scheme
Six additional justices would have been appointed. This was proposed in response to the Supreme Court overturning several of his New Deal measures that proponents claim were designed to help the United States recover from the Great Depression.
Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms.