APES CH 10
CH 10 FRIEDLAND RELYEA
Terms in this set (37)
Tragedy of the Commons
Depletion or degradation of a potentially renewable resource to which people have free and unmanaged access. An example is the depletion of commercially desirable fish species in the open ocean beyond areas controlled by coastal countries.
unintended side effect that either benefits or harms a third party not involved in the activity that caused it
maximum sustainable yield
The maximum amount of a renewable resource that can be harvested without compromising the future availability of that resource
multiple use lands
Public land that may be used for recreation, grazing, timber harvesting and mineral extraction
Bureau of Land Management
agency in the Department of the interior that oversees lands used for grazing, mining, timber harvesting, and recreation
US Forest Service
oversees lands used for timber harvesting, grazing, and recreation
National Park Service
oversees national park lands used for recreation and conservation
Fish and Wildlife Service
oversees lands for wildlife conservation, hunting, and recreation
cutting down whole forests when removing timber
the removal of select trees in an area; this leaves the majority of the habitat in place and has less of an impact on the ecosystem.
large areas planted with a single rapidly growing tree species; never develop into mature forests due to planting/harvesting cycle
A fire deliberately set under controlled conditions in order to reduce the accumulation of dead biomass on a forest floor
national wildlife refuges
U.S. federal public lands managed for primary purpose of protecting wildlife
national wilderness area
An area set aside with the intent of preserving a large tract of intact ecosystem or a landscape.
Environmental Impact Statement
A report required by federal law that assesses the possible effect of a project on the environment if the project is subsidized in whole or part by federal funds.
Environmental Mitigation Plan
A plan that outlines how a developer will address concerns raised by a project's impact on the environment.
Endangered Species Act
(1973) identifies threatened and endangered species in the U.S., and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
characteristic of the suburbs, the mainly residential areas surrounding large cities
An area similar to a suburb, but unconnected to any central city or densely populated area
the unplanned and uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions
The degradation of the built and social environments of the city that often accompanies and accelerates migration to the suburbs
Highway Trust Fund
begun by the Highway Revenue Act and funded by a federal gasoline tax, which pays for the construction and maintenance of roads and highways
The phenomenon in which increase in the supply of a good causes demand to grow.
dividing an area into zones or sections reserved for different purposes such as residence and business and manufacturing etc
multi use zoning
a zoning classification that allows retail and high-density residential development to coexist in the same area
A set of principles for community planning that focuses on strategies to encourage the development of sustainable, healthy communities
Individuals or groups who have an interest in and are affected by the actions of an organization
transit oriented development
Development that attempts to focus dense residential and retail development around stops for public transportation, a component of smart growth.
Development that fills in vacant lots within existing communities
urban growth boundaries
A regional boundary, set in an attempt to control urban sprawl by mandating that the area inside the boundary be used for higher density urban development and the area outside to be used for lower density development. Used by local governments as a guide to zoning and land use decisions
the right of government to take private property for public use
a carrier (usually an arthropod/insect) that transfers an infective agent from one host to another.
belonging to a particular area; inherent
Process of cleaning up a contaminated site by physical, chemical or biological means. Typically applied to contaminated groundwater and soil.
Maintenance of a resource in its present condition, with as little human impact as possible.
Bringing something back to a former condition. Ecological restoration involves active manipulation of nature to re-create conditions that existed before human disturbance.
The policy of constructing or creating man-made habitats, such as wetlands, to replace those lost to development