43 terms

Poetry Terms

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Irony
Contrast or discrepancy between expectations and reality; the opposite of what is expected.
Epic
A long narrative poem larger than-life hero embodying values of a particular society
Stanza
A 'paragraph' of poetry; a group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem.
Narrative Poetry
A form of poetry that tells a story
Lyric Poetry
A form of poetry in a which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings.
Tone
The attitude a writer takes toward the reader; a subject, or a character.
Onomatopoeia
Use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning. Ex: Whoosh, bang, pop.
Internal Rhyme
A rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and in the middle of another line of poetry.
Couplet
In poetry, two consecutive lines that rhyme.
Quatrain
4 lines of poetry.
Denotation
Literal (dictionary) definition of a word.
Poetry
A form of literature using carefully chosen wording to create certain effects.
Hyberbole
Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. Ex: This bag weighs a ton.
Free Verse
Poetry that does not follow specific rules, styles, or formats.
End Rhyme
Words that sound the same at the end of a line in poetry.
Connotation
The feelings or ideas associated with a word or phrase.
Imagery
Language that appeals to the 5 senses; touch, taste, hear, see, smell.
Meter
Generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words.
Approximate Rhyme
Words that sound similar but are not an exact rhyme.
Rhythm
An alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables, measured flow of words and phrases in verse.
Connotations
Meanings, associations, or emotions, that a word suggests.
Rhyme
Repetition of accented vowel sounds and word sounds in a poem that are close together.
Acrostic
A poem in which certain letters in each line form a word or words
Ballad
A song or songlike poem that tells a story.
Foot
A basic repeated sequence of meter made up of 2.
Allusion
A reference meant to bring to mind something known from a previous experience
Sonnet
A poem of 14 lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes
Elegy
A serious poem expressing sorrow over someone who has died.
Symbol
Something that has its own meaning AND stands for something beyond itself
Poetic Contractions
Contractions that are usually confined to poetry
Verse
A line of poetry
Rhyme Scheme
The ordered pattern of rhymed lines in a poem using the end rhyme. Ex: AaBb, AbAb.
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds anywhere in the word.
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sound anywhere in the word.
Blank Verse
Lines that do not rhyme, but have a regular meter.
Limerick
A five-line poem with an AABBA rhyme scheme.
Diction
A writer's choice of words.
Tone
A writer's attitude.
Motif
A recurring theme, subject, or idea.
Refrain
A repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines.
Dramatic
Poetry that is meant to be read aloud, explaining a character's thoughts or feelings.
Lyric
A short poem in which a single speaker expression persona; thoughts and feelngs; can be musical