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AP Psych Term 20
Terms in this set (25)
= an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
= the culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement.
= a generalized (sometimes accurate but often over-generalized) belief about a group of people.
Theory of Mind
= people's ideas about their own and other's mental states - about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts, and the behaviors these might predict.
= a theory of death-related anxiety; explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death.
= according to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential.
Unconditional Positive Regard
= according to Rogers, an attitude of total acceptance toward another person.
= a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports.
= a questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
= the most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. Originally developed to identify emotional disorders (still considered its most appropriate use), this test is now used for many other screening purposes.
Empirically Derived Test
= a test (such as the MMPI) developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups.
= views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people's traits (including their thinking) and their social context.
= the interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment.
= the extent to which people perceive control over their environment rather than feeling helpless.
External Locus of Control
= the perception that chance or outside forces beyond your personal control determine your fate.
Internal Locus of Control
= the perception that you control your own fate.
= overestimating other's noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders (as if we presume a spotlight shines on us).
= one's feelings of high or low self-worth.
= a readiness to perceive oneself favorably.
= giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications
= giving priority to the goals of one's group (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity accordingly.
Developed the theory called the hierarchy of needs.
American social psychologist most notable for his controversial study known as the Milgram Experiment, in which he studied people's willingness to obey orders
Theorist who contended that each stage of life has its own psychosocial task.
an unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members. Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action.
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