Patricia Janet Scotland
She is a British barrister, and the current Attorney General for England and Wales and Northern Ireland, a ministerial position in the UK Government. Scotland was born in Dominica to Antiguan and Dominican parents, but her family moved when she was three, where she went to Walthamstow School for Girls. She is the tenth of twelve children. In 1991, she was the first black woman to be made a Queen's Counsel and the youngest person to be made a silk (QC) since William Pitt (the younger).
Bishop Richard Allen
He created the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) was formed in 1816 when Bishop Allen called together many Black Methodist churches dissatisfied with the policies of the Methodist Denomination.
He was the first black president of an American College and bishop of the AME Church. He also worked to disprove the pro-slavery argument in the 19th century. Who was he?
Mary McLeod Bethune
She was an American educator and the 17th child of former slaves. She taught in a series of southern mission schools before settling in Florida to found the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls in 1904. She served as president of the institute from 1904 to 1942 and again from 1946 to 1947. After the institute merged with Cookman Institute in 1923, it became Bethune-Cookman College. She was also a leader in the American black community; she founded the National Council of Negro Women and was director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration. In addition she served as special adviser on minority affairs to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
She graduated from college, and then made a career of teaching. She lives in Belleville, IL, where she is a volunteer in a program for abused women.
54th Massachusetts Infantry
What famous infantry was one of the first black units to join the Union forces in the Civil War; the Fifty-Fourth had the eyes of the nation upon it. The company, which was largely composed of freed black slaves from various northern states, earned its fame in the July 18, 1863, battle at Battery Wagner. It was assigned the challenge of leading the assault on this Confederate Fort, which was located on an island near Charleston, S.C.
Who organized the Poor People's campaign in Washington, D.C. after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.?
Who am I? After the Civil War, Congress authorized the creation of six segregated black regiments to serve in the peace-time army, under white officers. The Ninth and Tenth Cavalries and the 38th through 41st Infantries-all composed of African-American soldiers-were thus formed.
Who am I? By the beginning of World War II, African Americans increased pressure on the government to make conditions more equal for blacks in the armed forces. Still reluctant to integrate the military, the government took a step forward in 1941 by creating the first all-black military aviation program, at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. The action received a great deal of criticism from black Americans who were outraged by their continued segregation.
This city was a major stop for runaway Southern slaves and attracted large numbers of blacks after the Civil War. By 1960 the city had a majority black population. The presence of black political organizations and the large marches in the 1960s made this city a major center of the civil rights movement. What city am I?
I was a distinguished American sociologist, first black president of historically black Fisk University, and a lifelong advocate for racial equality, the advancement of civil rights for African Americans and all other ethnic minorities. I preferred to work in coalition with liberal white groups in the South quietly as a 'sidelines activist' concerned to get practical results. Who am I?
Martin Luther King
What Black American said, "The content of one's character is the important thing, not the color of their skin"?
In the American Revolution, African Americans fought only on the colonial side. True or False?
What President signed a bill into law in 1808 that made it illegal to import slaves into the U.S.?
Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted black Americans citizenship and equal protection under law?
Runaway slave turned abolitionist who served as U.S. minister to Haiti. He also held the job of Enlistment Officer during the Civil War?
John Mercer Langston
What 19th century African American was suggested as a candidate for vice president on the republican ticket?
The Black Codes
Restrictions placed on former slaves during the reconstruction period after the Civil War?
Vashti Murphy McKenzie
I am a woman of first. I was the first woman to pastor at Payne Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Church in Baltimore, Maryland. On July 11, 2000, the AME Church elected me as its first female bishop in its 213 year history. Who am I?
Appointed by George W Bush as his National Security Advisor, she also served in the elder Bush's administration.
She became the first Black woman to become the president of a bank she founded, the Saint Luke Penny Saving Bank in Richmond, VA in 1903. She also founded the St. Luke Emporium, a department store, and published the St. Luke Herald.
Harry S. Truman
This president signed Executive Order No. 9981 to end segregation in the U. S. Armed Forces on July 26, 1948. "It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be quality treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard for race, color or national origin."
Little Rock Nine
The name given a group of teenagers who were escorted by troops of the Army 101st Airborne Division to integrate Central High School. The troops were ordered by President Dwight David Eisenhower when the governor of the state used National Guardsmen to deny the students' entrance.
In what year did Alain Leroy Locke become the first African American to be awarded the Rhodes Scholarship?
Dorothy Height fought for civil rights through the National Urban League. or the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW)
Joel E. Spingarn
Who started the Gold Medal Awards, later named for him, which recognized the highest or noblest achievement by an African American?
Ida Wells Barnett
Who lost her teaching job due to a lawsuit she filed against a railroad for forcing her to give up her seat in a car marked "Whites Only"?
What is the name of the famous black college in Washington, D.C., where Charles Drew taught medicine?
W.E. B. Du Bois was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from what prestigious university?
Archie A. Alexander
In 1954, who did President Eisenhower appoint as the Territorial Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands?
Narrative of the Life
What is the title of Frederick Douglass' book about his experiences as a slave?
Jail in Movement
Name the movement that started in Rock Hill, SC in 1961 when students refused to pay fines and requested jail sentences. The Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee urged south-wide "Jail, No Bail" Campaigns.
Muslim Mosque Inc.
What is the name of the church Malcolm X founded after his suspension from the Nation of Islam?
In 1842, Joseph Cinque returned to which country, where he established the first anti-slavery mission?
Janitor and Painter
Booker T. Washington worked in what two occupations while attending Hampton Institute?
Henry Ossian Flipper
Who was the first black man to receive an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point?
What slave stole a southern ship during the Civil War and turned the ship over to the Union?
What former slave was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives and the South Carolina Senate?
Who inspired the Yellow Rose of Texas? She was a black woman and slave who distracted General Santa Anna in one of the Battles of Texas in the 1800's
Anna Arnold Hedgeman
Who was the first black to graduate from Hamline University, the University of Minnesota and the New York School of Social Work?
Dr. Patrick Healy was the first black in the United States to earn a doctoral degree in physics from what prestigious University?
Lincoln WWII FDR
On December 2, 1999 the location of the national monument to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr was approved. It will be situated between what well known Washington, DC landmarks? Washington Monument, Jefferson Monument. Name three other memorials
Adam Clayton Powell
Elected to Congress in 1944, he introduced measures opposing lynching and the poll tax, and worked to end segregation in Washington, D.C., schools, federal buildings, the congressional press section, and other venues. Who is he?
Name the location of the march, which was called the greatest civil rights rally since the 1960s, led by the NAACP on January 17, 2000 to protest the Confederate battle flag flying atop the statehouse dome?
Name the former Atlanta Mayor who served as the first black U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations.
January 18 1998
Name the year the New York Stock exchange closed for the first time in honor of the birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
She became the first Black and first woman to be elected to Congress from Texas. She was also the first Black woman to give a keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in 1976. Who was she?
100th Emancipation Anniversary
George Olden, famed graphic artist, became the first Black to design a U. S. postage stamp, which was released on August 16, 1963. What significant event in history did the stamp commemorate?
Name the location of the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church that killed four young Black girls, Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Addie May Collins and Carol Robertson on September 15, 1963
What U. S. president signed a bill on November 2, 1984 designating the third Monday of January of each year as a federal holiday in honor of the late Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.?
Taking office as the first Black Mayor of New York City, defeating Republican challenger, Rudolph Guiliani in November 1989, name this elected official who served as New York City's 106th mayor.
Los Angeles Riots
What major event was sparked by the acquittal of four police officers accused in the videotaped beating of Rodney King?
Graduating from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1884, he advanced to become the highest-ranking black in the U.S. Army in 1918. Who is he?
Booker T. Washington
Name the founder of America's largest and best-endowed Black institution for learning, the Tuskegee Institute.
Secretary of State
In January 2001, Colin Luther Powell became the first Black to hold which office?
In 1966, he became the first Black elected to the Fredericksburg City Council and became the city's first Black Mayor elected in 1976 where he served for 20 years. Who is he?
Political Activist, Leader & Co-founder of "The Black Panthers". His manslaughter conviction led to a rapid expansion of the party nationwide. I was born on February 17. Who am I?
Wallace D. Fard
I was the first preacher and founder of the Nation of Islam Mosque and University in the U. S. In 1934 I disappeared without a trace. I was born on February 28, 1891. Who am I?
Elaine R. Jones
I was the first woman president and director-counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. I was prominent in abolishing the death penalty. I was born on March 2, 1944. Who am I?
I was an influential military leader. My tactics changed the small Zulu tribe to a nation that held sway over a large proportion of Southern Africa. Who am I?
I was born on May 31, 1924 and I was the first Black Woman to serve as a U.S. Ambassador. I was a cabinet member for President Jimmy Carter as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Who am I?
I was born on December 7, 1942. I was a lawyer, president of the largest Black-owned business in the U. S. in 1989. I was a partner in the first Black law firm on Wall Street. Who am I?
Sharon Dixon Kelly
The first black woman to serve as a mayor in Washington, DC from 1991-1994. Who am I?
I was appointed governor of Louisiana from December 9, 1872 - January 13, 1873 during impeachment proceedings against the elected governor. Who am I?
I became a Congressman from South Carolina in 1870 and was reelected for more times. Who am I?
I became the senator from Mississippi from February 25, 1870 to March 4, 1871 during Reconstruction. Who am I?
Robert C. Weaver
I was a U.S. cabinet member that became Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development under Lyndon Johnson from 1966 - 1968. Who am I?
I was the first African American woman to serve as the U. S. National Security Advisor; First African American woman to serve as U. S. Secretary of State; youngest provost at Stanford University.
Educator, who in 1995 became first African American woman to became president of a major college, Smith College; in 2001 became president of Brown University, an Ivy League Institution.
America's third woman ambassador to the United Nations and the first black woman to hold the position
I was a runaway slave from Kentucky who was the inspiration for the term "Underground Railroad" when I swam the Ohio River and survived. Who am I?
In 1830 I fled slavery in Maryland and founded a settlement in Ontario, Canada for fugitive slaves. Who am I?
Sophia B Packard
Who is the other founder of the first U. S. college for black women in 1881? Harriet E. Giles was one.
Black History Month originated in 1926 by Carter G Woodson as Negro History Week. Name the two individuals Woodson was honoring born in the month of February. Abraham Lincoln is one. Who is the other?
In 1958, he became the first black student to graduate from Central High School. He graduated from Michigan State University and served as Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Affairs under President Jimmy Carter. He currently is a managing partner and vice president of Lehman Brothers in Washington, DC.
He graduated from Central High School in 1960, following a year in which Little Rock's public high schools were ordered closed by the legislature to prevent desegregation. Today, he is an accountant with the U.S. Department of Defense and lives in Anaheim, CA.
Minnijean Brown Trickey
She was expelled from Central High School in February, 1958, after several incidents, including her dumping a bowl of chili on one of her antagonists in the school cafeteria. She moved with her husband to Canada during the Vietnam War protests of the 1960s and today is a writer and social worker in Ontario. Winterstar Productions is presently filming a documentary on her life. Who is she?
Carlotta Walls Lanier
She is one of only three of the nine who eventually graduated from Central High School. She, along with Jefferson Thomas, returned for their senior year in 1959. She graduated from Michigan State University and presently lives in Englewood, Colorado, where she is in real estate. Who am I?
This city is famous for its sizzling jazz and blues, substantial middle class, and political clout, and was once called the black community rivaled Harlem's in the 1920s and 30s. What city is this?
The Great Migration increased this city's black population from under 6,000 in 1910 to 120,000 in 1930. Also working in the auto and other industries, a black middle class soon developed, creating an important cultural community. What city am I?
Mass Migration North
What am I? Blacks poured off the farms in search of urban jobs. Between 1915 and 1920 as many as one million African Americans moved to northern cities. Nearly another million joined them in the decade that followed. In addition, tens of thousands of blacks went west, especially to California, while several hundred thousand moved to southern cities.
As Reconstruction came to an end in the 1870s, many Southern blacks feared they would lose their civil liberties. Know as "Exodusters," thousands fled to a number of newly created black towns. This city was founded in 1877, and was promoted as "the Promise Land." However, bad weather and subsequent crop failures, followed by the Union Pacific Railroad's decision to bypass the town, spelled its doom. What city am I?
Name three of the six countries that make up North Africa?Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and what?
Noted educator Mary McLeod Bethune's monument stands where, New York City or Washington, DC?
Brown vs Board of Education
What 1954 Supreme Court ruling stated "that separate but equal educational facilities were unequal and unconstitutional"?
He won his early legal reputation as a specialist in civil rights cases. As special counsel for the NAACP and counsel for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, he argued 32 cases before the Supreme Court. He was appointed the first Black US Solicitor General in 1965. In 1967 he was appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court by President Lyndon B Johnson and served 1967-1991.
Become a lawyer
Thurgood Marshall's victory in Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka inspired Vernon Jordan to:
Clay v. United States
On June 28, 1971, The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously overturned the draft evasion conviction of boxing hero Muhammad Ali. What was it called?
Constance Baker Motley
Who was the first African American lawyer to argue a case before the U. S. Supreme Court?
I became the first black partner of a major New York City law firm; first African American to serve on the board of directors for a Fortune 500 corporation.
In the 1800's, Philadelphia was known as the "The Black Capital of Anti-Slavery". True or False?
Oprah Winfrey. American television host, actress, producer, and philanthropist, best known for her self-titled, multi-award winning talk show, which has become the highest-rated program of its kind in history. She has been ranked the richest African American of the 20th century.