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American Government Ch. 2
Terms from the textbook- Magruder's American Government and from class.
Terms in this set (52)
government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has certain rights that government cannot take away.
system of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by voters and held accountable in periodic elections.
the great charter--at Runnymede in 1215. The power of monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed. Trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility. First document to limit the power of England's Monarch.
Petition of Right
limited the King's power. Monarch was subject to the law of the land.
English Bill of Rights
designed to prevent abuse of power by English Monarch agreed on by William and Mary of England in 1689.
a written grant of authority from the king.
a legislative body composed of two chambers.
a person to whom the king had made a grant of land
a legislative body composed of one chamber (one house).
a joining of several groups for a common purpose.
Albany Plan of Union
1754 - meeting to discuss the problems of colonial trade and the danger of attacks by the French and their Native American allies.
Stamp Act of 1765
October - parliament passed a law that required the use of tax stamps on all legal documents, on certain business agreements and on newspapers.
a refusal to buy or sell certain products or services
withdrawn or cancelled
government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
Articles of Confederation
March 1, 1781 - established " a firm league of friendship among the states. The states came together" for their common defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare.
formal approval by voting
the person chosen by congress to be their chair person of president. (Not of the U.S.)
the group of delegates who attended the Philadelphia Convention
the first plan for a new constitution--this plan called for three separate branches: legislative, executive, and judicial.
New Jersey Plan
presented as an alternative to the Virginia plan. Called for a unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented.
Connecticut delegation suggested this. Congress should be composed of two houses. The senate, the states would be represented equally and in the house would be represented based upon its population.
all "free persons" should be counted and three fifths of all persons to be counted (slaves)
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
congress was forbidden the power to tax the export of goods from any state. Forbidden the power to act on the slave trade.
one of two groups that favored ratification
this group opposed ratification of the constitution (ratification=formal approved)
New England Confederation
1643 - A "league of friendship" created for defense from Native Americans.
William Penn's plan
1696 - Suggested plan for inter-colonial cooperation in trade, defense, and criminal matters
March 5, 1770 - British troops fired on a crowd and killed five.
Committees of Correspondence
1772 - created by Samuel Adams in Boston; spread through colonies providing a network for cooperation and the exchange of information
Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773 - Men disguised as Native Americans dumped cargo of three tea ships into Boston Harbor to protest the control of the tea trade.
Spring 1774 - passed to punish colonists for troubles in Boston
First Continental Congress
Septemeber 5, 1774 - meets and debate plan for action; sent declaration of rights; said to refuse trade
Battles of Lexington and Concord
April 19, 1775 - "Shot heard around the world"
Second Continental Congrees
May 10 1775 - each colony sent one person; John Hancock elected president; the 1st national government
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776 - proclaimed independence of the new nation
September 17, 1787 - was finished. Explains the structure of the US Government.
Bill of Rights
1791 - added to Constitution. First 10 amendments. Lists individual rights of all people.
orderly regulation of relationships
directly controlled by the crown, king is named governor and council
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
Father of the US Constitution
James Madison because the Virginia Plan became the blueprint for the Constitution
James Madison - 15 point plan would provide agenda for all of the proceedings of the convention
Three rules of procedure
Secrecy, Flexibility, Courtesy
House of Representatives elected by the people, Senate elected by State Legislatures
the president would be elected indirectly by the people through an electoral college made up of electors chosen by each state, the # being equal to the # of its congression person with most voters would be president, 2nd highest-vice preisdent
Congress has the power to declare war; the President has the power to repel sudden attacks
there would be a standing army during peacetime with a civilian commander-in-chief and congress voted on the funds
the division of power between State and National Government
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