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26 terms

ATP & CALVIN CYCLE QUIZ

LIGHT DEPENDANT & LIGHT INDEPENDANT (Calvin Cycle) REACTIONS. Figs 8-3, 8-11 & 8-6
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Chemical energy
This is the energy stored in bonds between atoms in a molecule
ATP
The molecule that is the source of energy for cellular activities is called?
adenosine triphosphate
ATP stands for?
Two
ADP has ___ phosphate groups
Third
When a ___ phosphate group is added ADP becomes ATP.
Energy available
The 3rd Phosphate group will be added to ADP only when a cell has ______, and it will be removed when a cell needs energy for activities.
Second and third
The energy used for cellular activities is stored in the bonds between the ___& ___ phosphate groups
Active transport
The energy stored in ATP powers activities like ____, protein synthesis and muscle contraction.
Storing
The ATP molecule is great for transferring
energy but is not good for ___ large amounts of energy.
90
A single molecule of glucose (sugar) stores ___ times more energy than ATP.
Thylakoid
This is where the collection of light energy occurs.
Granum
This is a stack of photosynthetic membranes called thylakoids.
Chlorophyll
In the thylakoid, ____ and other pigments are organized.
Stroma
The space outside the thylakoid membranes is called?
Light independent reactions
Photosynthesis occurs in 2 stages: light dependent reactions & what?
Calvin cycle
Light independent reactions (that occur in the stroma) are also known as what?
Very energized
When sunlight hits the chlorophyll molecule its
electrons become?
NADP+
The molecule used to carry these high energy
electrons is called?
NADPH
NADP+ accepts 2 high energy electrons and an H atom to become?
NADPH and ADP
Light dependent reactions produce high energy compounds ____ as well as oxygen.
Stable molecules
ATP and NADPH can store an abundance of energy, but not for very long because they are not _____.
The Calvin Cycle
During _______, the energy in ATP and NADPH is used to build a more stable high energy compound that can be stored for long periods of time.
Glucose molecule (high energy sugar)
In the Calvin Cycle CO2, ATP and NADPH are used to create a?
Light, water, temperature
What factors that affect photosynthesis?
Chlorophyll a and b
In photosysnthesis, which chlorophyll can utilize certian waves of light?
Temperatures
enzymes that are needed for photosynthesis function best at a certain ___.