LIGHT DEPENDANT & LIGHT INDEPENDANT (Calvin Cycle) REACTIONS. Figs 8-3, 8-11 & 8-6
This is the energy stored in bonds between atoms in a molecule
The molecule that is the source of energy for cellular activities is called?
ATP stands for?
ADP has ___ phosphate groups
When a ___ phosphate group is added ADP becomes ATP.
The 3rd Phosphate group will be added to ADP only when a cell has ______, and it will be removed when a cell needs energy for activities.
Second and third
The energy used for cellular activities is stored in the bonds between the ___& ___ phosphate groups
The energy stored in ATP powers activities like ____, protein synthesis and muscle contraction.
The ATP molecule is great for transferring
energy but is not good for ___ large amounts of energy.
A single molecule of glucose (sugar) stores ___ times more energy than ATP.
This is where the collection of light energy occurs.
This is a stack of photosynthetic membranes called thylakoids.
In the thylakoid, ____ and other pigments are organized.
The space outside the thylakoid membranes is called?
Light independent reactions
Photosynthesis occurs in 2 stages: light dependent reactions & what?
Light independent reactions (that occur in the stroma) are also known as what?
When sunlight hits the chlorophyll molecule its
The molecule used to carry these high energy
electrons is called?
NADP+ accepts 2 high energy electrons and an H atom to become?
NADPH and ADP
Light dependent reactions produce high energy compounds ____ as well as oxygen.
ATP and NADPH can store an abundance of energy, but not for very long because they are not _____.
The Calvin Cycle
During _______, the energy in ATP and NADPH is used to build a more stable high energy compound that can be stored for long periods of time.
Glucose molecule (high energy sugar)
In the Calvin Cycle CO2, ATP and NADPH are used to create a?
Light, water, temperature
What factors that affect photosynthesis?
Chlorophyll a and b
In photosysnthesis, which chlorophyll can utilize certian waves of light?
enzymes that are needed for photosynthesis function best at a certain ___.