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62 terms

AP LIT MIDTERM

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Persona
The narrarator or storyteller of a literary work that is created by the author.
Dramatic Irony
Occurs when facts are not known to the characters in a work of literature, but are known by the audience.
Apostrophe
Someone absent, dead, or nonhuman is addressed by the character as if this item were alive, present, and able to respond.
Connotation
an association that comes along with a particular word. Relates to the ideas or qualities that are implied by that word.
Irony
How a person, situation, statement, or circumstance is not as it would actually seem
Overstatement
An exaggeration (not hyperbole) in which something is stated strongly
Enjambment
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and gramatical sense is preserved through the next line
Anapestic
Two unaccented syllables, followed by an accented one.
Example: com-pre-HEND
End-Stopped
A run on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense is completed within the line.
Meter
The measured pattern of rhythmic accents in a poem
Rhythm
The recurrence of accent or stresses in lines of verse.
Syntax
The grammatical order of words in a work.
Diction
The selection of words in a literary work.
Audience
the person(s) reading a text, listening to a speaker, or observing a performance
Theme
The idea of a literary work abstracted from its details of language, character, and action.
Imagery
The pattern of related comparative aspects of language, particularly of images, in a literary work.
Oxymoron
using contradiction in a manner that oddly makes sense on a deeper level
Paradox
contradiction. usually refers to an idea or concept.
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words.
Simile
a comparison using like or as
Anthropomorphism
the attribution of human form or behavior to a deity, animal, etc
Metaphor
something used, or regarded as being used, to represent something else
Personification
attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure
Litotes
double negative
Symbol
something used for or regarded as representing something else; a material object representing something, often something immaterial
Hyperbole
an exaggeration
Situational Irony
irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected
Satire
the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc.
Existentialism
stresses the individual's unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices
The absurd
a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless
Archetype
original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; prototype
Allegory
literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
Allusion
biblical reference
Speaker
a person who speaks formally before an audience; orator
Onomatopoeia
The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe.
Assonance
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence
Metonymy
A figure of speech in which a closely related term is substituted for an object or idea.
Personification
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities.
Refrain
group of words formin a phrase or sentence and consisting of one or more lines repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza
Euphemism
substitution of a mild, indirect or vague expressions for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt
English Sonnet
shakespearean sonnet
Italian Sonet
sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
Haiku
5 syllables
7 syllables
5 syllables
Stanza
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem
Limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
Tone
The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work
Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole.
Juxtaposition
an act or instance of placing close together or side by side, especially, for comparison or contrast
Euphemism
substitution of a mild, indirect or vague expressions for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt
Colloquialism
common words
Epiphany
a literary work or section of a work presenting, usually symbolically, such a moment of revelation and insight
Conceit
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
Invective Speech
speech or writing that attacks, insults, or denounces a person, topic, or institution, usually involving negative emotional language
Anaphora
the use of a word as a regular grammatical substitute for a preceding word or group of words, as the use of it and fo in I know it and he does to.
Non Sequitur
an inference that does not logically follow from the premises
Pathos
quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity or compassion
Ad Hominem
an argument attacking an individual's character rather than his/her position on an issue
Chiasmus
reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrase
Ballad
A narrative poem (four lines) and is characterized by swift action in a direct style.
Syllogism
Deductive reasoning
Antithesis
contrasting words or ideas in parallel structure
Syllepsis
When a single word modifies two or more words and has a different meaning for each