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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. reinforcer
  2. primary reinforcer
  3. punishment
  4. unconditioned stimulus
  5. stimulus discrimination
  1. a an event that decreases the behavior that it follows
  2. b in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally--naturally and automatically--triggers a response
  3. c The ability to distinguish among stimuli similar to the CS and to respond only to the actual CS , in other words the response generlizes to similar stimuli (In Albert all fur coats all teddybears etc)
  4. d in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
  5. e an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an operant conditioning procedure in whcih reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of a desired goal
  2. the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
  3. In classical conditioning ,, learning that occurs when a CS is paired with an unpleasant US that leads the organism to try to avoid the CS
  4. a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its assocation with a primary reinforcer; also known as secondary reinforcer
  5. a chamber, also known as a Skinner box, containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking

5 True/False questions

  1. immediate reinforcementincreasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli (unpleaseant event), such as shock. A negative reinforcer is any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens the response. (Note: negative reinforcement is not punishment

          

  2. learninga relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience.

          

  3. observational learninglearning by observing others

          

  4. continuous reinforcementReinforcement that occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus.

          

  5. intrinsic motivationin classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus