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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Avoidance learning
  2. operant behavior
  3. discrimination
  4. cognitive map
  5. habituation
  1. a decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus, their interest wanes and they look away sooner
  2. b a mental representation of the layout of one's environment.
  3. c behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences
  4. d In classical conditioning ,, learning that occurs when a CS is paired with an unpleasant US that leads the organism to try to avoid the CS
  5. e in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its assocation with a primary reinforcer; also known as secondary reinforcer
  2. the acquisition of information that often is not immediately acted on but is stored for later use
  3. a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment
  4. relationship that occurs when a consequence is dependant on the organisms emitting the desired behavior
  5. any stimulus such as a stop sign or a doorknob that provides the organism with a cue for making a certain response in order to obtain reinforcement

5 True/False questions

  1. stimulus discriminationThe ability to distinguish among stimuli similar to the CS and to respond only to the actual CS , in other words the response generlizes to similar stimuli (In Albert all fur coats all teddybears etc)


  2. Biological preparednesa built in disinclination (or even an inability) for certain conditioned stimuli to elicit particular conditioned responses


  3. Behavior modificationa desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment


  4. fixed-ratio schedulereinforcement is based on the number of times the behavior occurs


  5. food aversiona classicaly conditioned avoidance of a certain food or taste