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Unit 3 Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples (4000-1000 B.C.E.)
Terms in this set (24)
civilization/ complex society
a type of society characterized by most of the following:dense population social hierarchy job specialization, monumental building, a writing system , and a dominant belief system
in a civilization when people adopt different jobs like artisan or priest that don't involve growing or gathering food
an order of social classes with producers at the bottom and leaders or kings at the top
river valley civilizations
a type of civilization that developed near or around a major river and considered the earliest known large human civilizations
the process of by which people change plants and animals over time at a genetic level to increase the productivity or other desired traits
jared diamonds theory that some regions developed more rapidly and expanded and conquered much of the world because the natural resources available to them climate and geography gave them an early advantage into agriculture before people in other places
action or process that make something stronger or more extreme ; the process of change and growth in era 2
the longest river in the world located in northern Africa
a large river surrounded by fertile land in modern India/Pakistan
the civilization that developed the tigris and Euphrates rivers around 3500 bc/bce
A large river in northern china, where Chinese civilization developed .
A crescent-shaped area of arable land, that is considered the cradle of civilization.
A représentions of an event from the past that Is put together using evidence from multiple sources .
Facts or information that can be used to test wether a belief or preposition Is true or valid
A person who was able to read and write ,allowing for the creation of written records and messages
A person who worked as a farmer, builder, or general working during era II
Worshiping or believing in more than 1 god.
A group of people considerd to b the best in a particular society or category because of their power, talent, wealth,or other characteristics.
A wheeled carriage powered by horses that was essential for trade and warfare throughout afrorurasia beginning in about 3000 BC/BCE
The use and knowledge of tools,crafts,or technical systems to solve problems and or land to complete different tasks
A metal alloy consisting of mostly copper but also with tin or lead.It is harder and stronger than plaid copper
Cloth or fabric that is woven knitted or otherwise manufactured
Cultural diffusion the process of different cultures adopted
the process of different cultures adopted ideas and technology from other cultures over time
The art and science of producing metal goods all the way from mining and extracting metal from minerals ores to the shaping of metal objects
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