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Key Concepts and Events for RUSH Test
Terms in this set (53)
Industrial strike between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers (the AA) and the Carnegie Steel Company. The final result was a major defeat for the union and a setback for their efforts to unionize steelworkers.
An arrangement in which the supply chain of a company is owned by that company
A company produces several items which are related to one another
Fiduciary arrangement that allows a third party to hold assets on behalf of a beneficiary or beneficiaries
run by Jane Addams; American settlement home; located in a poor area but gave help to the poor in English; child-care, adjustment to big-city life, cultural activities
Young Men's and Women's Christian Associations; established before Civil War and combined physical and other kinds of education with religious teachings.
Theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows. Its main objective is improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity
those who accepted Darwin's beliefs as well as Christianity
formed by Du Bois and other blacks.
§ Called for sustained activism to achieve political equality for blacks and full integration into American life
An American political party with an anti-monopoly ideology which was active between 1874 and 1889. The party fielded Presidential tickets three times before fading away
An ideology which holds that those members of society engaged in the production of tangible wealth are of greater benefit to society than, for example, aristocrats who inherit their wealth and station
A series of laws promoted primarily by a group of farmers known as The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry.
Knights of Labor
Promoted the social and cultural uplift of the workingman, rejected socialism and anarchism, demanded the eight-hour day, and promoted the producers ethic of republicanism. In some cases it acted as a labor union, negotiating with employers, but suddenly lost its new members and became a small operation again
A political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions and holds the state currently held to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful
Just as Fielden was finishing his speech, a bomb was thrown into the path of the advancing police. Its fuse briefly sputtered, then the bomb exploded, killing officers. Immediately after the bomb blast there was an exchange of gunshots between police and demonstrators
Organized agrarian economic movement among American farmers that developed and flourished in 1875. The movement included several parallel but independent political organizations
Interstate Commerce Act
United States federal law that regulated the railroad industry and required that railroad rates be "reasonable and just," but did not empower the government to fix specific rates, and required that railroads publicize shipping rates and prohibited short haul or long haul fare discrimination, a form of price discrimination against smaller markets, particularly farmers
Form of union security agreement under which the employer agrees to hire union members only, and employees must remain members of the union at all times in order to remain employed.
American Federation of Labor
A national federation of labor unions in the United States
Plessy v. Ferguson
Landmark constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court that upheld state racial segregation laws for public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal". The decision was handed down by a vote of 7 to 1
founded in 1844, in response to unhealthy social conditions arising in the big cities at the end of the Industrial Revolution. Growth of the railroads and centralization of commerce and industry brought many rural young men who needed jobs into cities like London
Oldest and largest grassroots environmental organization in the United States, founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known conservationist and preservationist John Muir. It had hundreds of thousands of members in chapters located throughout the US
National Park Service
Grown from a single, public reservation called Yellowstone National Park to embrace over 450 natural, historical, recreational, and cultural areas throughout the United States, its territories, and island possessions
National Audubon Society
Joint of state organizations. Women were vital and promotes boycotts of hats with plumage.
a style or movement in the arts that aims to break with classical and traditional forms.
a form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.
a type of entertainment popular chiefly in the US in the early 20th century, featuring a mixture of specialty acts such as burlesque comedy and song and dance.
journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
political entities controlled by a boss that wielded enormous influence over the government of urban cities.
§ Very corrupt, controlled tax rates, gave tax breaks to their allies and controlled prices and business, etc.
§ Stole millions from taxpayers using fraud and overinflation
§ Did minor philanthropy to boost their public image
§ Gave money to support businesses, immigrants, and the poor in return for their votes.
in response to rising power of big business, increasing gap b/w rich and poor, violent conflict b/w labor and capital, woman's suffrage, and dominance of corrupt political machines in the cities; favored changes or reform through governmental action; reformers spoke out about the need for laws regulating tenement housing and child labor; called for better working conditions for women
City Beautiful Movement
Reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities.
Pure Food and Drug Act
It forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. It was passed by TR in response to muckrackers. Still in existence as the FDA
The Gilded Age
Defined as the time between the Civil War and World War I during which the U.S. population and economy grew quickly, there was a lot of political corruption and corporate financial misdealings and many wealthy people lived very fancy lives.
Pendleton Act of 1883
The federal legislation that created a system in which federal employees were chosen based upon competitive exams. This made job positions based on merit or ability and not inheritance or class. It also created the Civil Service Commission. ECONOMIC.
Sherman Antitrust Act
An act passed in 1890 which prohibited any "contract, combination, in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy in restraint of trade or commerce." United States vs.
Muller v. Oregon
(1908) First case to use the "Brandeis Brief"; recognized a 10-hour workday for laundry workers on the grounds of health and community concerns.
Voters are allowed to vote on a certain issue. Part of Robert Lafollettes Wisconsin Idea.
Federal Reserve Act of 1913
created 12 district banks that would lend $ at discount rates (could increase/decrease amt. of $ in circulation); loosen/tighten credit with nation's needs; first central banking system since 1836
Clayton Antitrust Act
corrected deficiencies of Sherman anti-trust act by outlawing monopolistic practices and interlocking directorates
Progressive-era policy to apply the expertise of the state's university to social legislation that benefited all the state's citizens; it led to classic programs such as regulation of utilities, workers' compensation, tax reform, and university extension services;
meant to decrease the role of special interests on the political process. Robert Lafollette.
Lochner v. New York
(1905) Declared unconstitutional a New York act limiting the working hours of bakers due to a denial of the 14th Amendment rights.
Survival of the fittest in society and business - poor deserve to be where they are
State owed nothing but law, order, basic political rights
journalists/writers who wanted to expose corruption
melancholic music of black American folk origin, typically in a twelve-bar sequence. It developed in the rural southern US toward the end of the 19th century, finding a wider audience in the 1940s as blacks migrated to the cities. This urban blues gave rise to rhythm and blues and rock and roll.
music characterized by a syncopated melodic line and regularly accented accompaniment, evolved by black American musicians in the 1890s and played especially on the piano.
(in art and literature) a style and theory of representation based on the accurate depiction of detail.
Great Railroad Strike of 1877
A strike due to Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cutting wages for the third time in a year. Workers burned down and destroyed both physical facilities and the rolling stock of the railroads - engines and railroad cars
Chinese Exclusion Act
A United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers
those who rejected Darwin's beliefs
The production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines
The process by which skilled labor within an industry or economy is eliminated by the introduction of technologies operated by semiskilled or unskilled workers. This results in cost savings due to lower investment in human capital, and reduces barriers to entry, weakening the bargaining power of the human capital
slums; an area in which many people lived together in small quarters
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