30 terms

APUSH Ch 27 Terms flashcards

Josiah Strong
American clergyman who preached Anglo-Saxon superiority and called for stronger U.S. missionary effort overseas
Alfred Thayer Mahan
American naval officer who wrote influential books emphasizing sea power and advocating a big navy
Richard Olney
Belligerent U.S. secretary of state who used the Monroe Doctrine to pressure Britain in the Venezuelan boundary crisis
Queen Liliuokalani
Native Hawaiian ruler overthrown in a revolution led by white planters and aided by U. S. troops
Grover Cleveland
American president who refused to annex Hawaii on the grounds that the native ruler had been unjustly deposed
"Butcher" Weyler
Spanish general whose brutal tactics against Cuban rebels outraged American public opinion
William R. Hearst
Vigorous promoter of sensationalistic anti-Spanish propaganda and eager advocate of imperialistic war
William McKinley
President who initially opposed war with Spain but eventually supported U.S. acquisition of the Philippines
George E. Dewey
Naval commander whose spectacular May Day victory in 1898 (in the Philippines) opened the doors to American imperialism in Asia
Theodore Roosevelt
Imperialist advocate, aggressive assistant navy secretary, Rough Rider
Emilio Aguinaldo
Leader of the Filipino insurgents who aided Americans in defeating Spain and taking Manila
Leonard Wood
Commander in Spanish-American War who organized the efficient American military government of Cuba
William James
Harvard philosopher and one of the leading anti-imperialists opposing U.S. acquisition of the Philippines
William Jennings Bryan
Leading Democratic politician whose intervention narrowly tipped the Senate vote in favor of acquiring the Philippines in 1899
Walter Reed
American doctor who led the medical efforts to conquer yellow fever during U. S. occupation of Cuba
Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis
Book written by a Protestant minister that proclaimed the superiority of Anglo-Saxon civilization
Samoan Islands
Remote Pacific site of a naval clash between the United States and Germany in 1899
South American nation that nearly came to blows with the United States in 1892 over an incident involving the deaths of American sailors
Monroe Doctrine
The principle of American foreign policy invoked by Secretary of State Olney to justify American intervention in the Venezuelan boundary dispute
Pearl Harbor
Valuable naval base acquired by the United States from the Hawaiian government in 1887
yellow journalism
Term for the sensationalistic and jingoistic pro-war journalism practiced by W. R. Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer
American battleship sent on a "friendly" visit to Cuba that ended in disaster and war
Teller Amendment
Amendment to the declaration of war with Spain that stated the United States would grant Cubans their independence after the war
Manila Bay (in the Philippines)
Site of the dramatic American naval victory that led to U. S. aquistion of rich, Spanish-owned Pacific islands
Rough Riders
Colorful volunteer regiment of the Spanish-American War led by a militarily inexperienced by politically influential colonel
Puerto Rico
The Caribbean island conquered from Spain in 1898 that became an important American colony
Anti-Imperialist League
Group that battled against American colonization of the Philippines, which included such influential citizens as Mark Twain and Andrew Carnegie
Insular Cases
Supreme Court cases of 1901 that determined that the U.S. Constitution and bill of rights did not apply in colonial territories under the American flag
Platt Amendment
American-imposed restriction written into the constitution of Cuba that guaranteed American naval bases on the island and declared that the United States had the right to intervene in Cuba
Yellow Fever
Deadly tropical disease conquered during the Spanish-American War by Dr. Walter Reed and other American medical researchers