AP Euro MC chapters 20-21
Terms in this set (62)
As a consequence of the Great Depression, during the 1930s, people everywhere demanded:
During the 1930s, in countries where democratic governments were not well established,
dictatorship spread alarmingly. Many people said that democracy was suited only to:
wealthy or prosperous countries.
During the interwar years, Britain struggled with an economic depression because of all of
the following reasons except:
a chronic depression in British agriculture.
The bitter 1926 general strike of British coal miners and other workers ended in:
a setback for the trade unions, which were put under stricter control.
In 1922, when it displaced the Liberals as the official opposition party, the British Labour
committed itself to a program of gradualist, democratic socialism.
The government headed by Labor party leader, Ramsay MacDonald, coped with the
introducing retrenchment and budget balancing policies.
In his famous book, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money (1936), the
British economist John Maynard Keynes argued that:
if private investment funds were idle, government funds must be employed to encourage
In 1922, following a small but savage war against the British in 1919 -1920, the Irish Free
a dominion within the British Commonwealth.
The 1931 Statute of Westminster conferred "dominion status" on Canada, Australia, New
Zealand, and South Africa wherein the dominions:
became legally equal with each other and with Britain.
During the 1920s in France:
a large-scale reconstruction program was undertaken to repair wartime devastation.
In France, during the riots of February 1934, _____.
anti-republican activists threatened to storm the Chamber of Deputies and battled with police
The Popular Front was:
a political coalition of the leftists and antifascists.
The French Popular Front was overthrown because of discontent over all of the following
the right-wing riots on the Place de la Concorde in Paris.
Which of the following statements is true about Benito Mussolini, the Fascist dictator?
He was the son of a blacksmith. He had been a left-wing socialist before World War I. He demanded Italian intervention in World War I on the side of the Allies.
The October 1922 "March on Rome" was:
the convergence of groups of Fascist Blackshirts.
Mussolini became prime minister of Italy in November 1922:
after the liberal-democratic coalition cabinet resigned.
Mussolini and the Fascists came to power in 1922 for all of the following reasons except:
the big victory in the 1921 election.
18. In theory, Mussolini introduced the corporative state, which included all of the following
allowing the Fascist labor unions to expropriate the property of the owners of industry.
When the Great Depression struck, Mussolini:
turned to a vigorous program of public works and to increasing economic self-sufficiency.
Nazi party" is an abbreviation for:
the National Socialist German Workers' party.
Hitler rose to national prominence, after the failure of the "beer hall Putsch" of 1923, because
the popularity of his book, Mein Kampf. his widely publicized trial. his association with General Ludendorff who took part in the Putsch.
By mid-1920s, the Nazi party had:
lost its appeal and many of its members.
Which of the following does NOT explain why Hitler came to power in 1933?
Terrible inflation developed when the government financed public works through deficit
In July 1932, the Nazi Party won their greatest victory in a completely free election, thus:
making the Nazis the largest single party in Germany.
In 1933, the burning of the Reichstag—the building that housed the German parliament—
was significant because:
Hitler blamed it on the Communists and bullied the voters before elections.
In Germany's March, 1933 elections, the Nazis won:
less than a majority of the vote.
Nazi Germany, as well as Fascist Italy, set up the economic goal of autarky, which meant:
self-sufficiency and absolute independence from foreign trade.
Twentieth century totalitarianism implied all of the following except:
the denial of the importance of the society over the individual.
Compared to democratic systems, the totalitarian system typically glorified:
By 1938, the few remaining democracies in Europe included all of the following except:
________ were the "revisionist" powers in the interwar period that were not content with the
status quo after World War I.
Italy, Japan, and the U.S.S.R.
The western European democracies supported policies of appeasement because of:
the increasing belief that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair. the enormous number of wartime casualties, especially in France.
With the rise of Hitler in 1933, the Soviets changed their foreign policy and:
became interested in collective security against Hitler.
In March 1936, Hitler violated the Versailles Treaty and moved troops into the demilitarized
Rhineland. Why did the Allies fail to respond even though they knew the weakness of the
The divided French government was unwilling to act without Britain, and the British would
not risk war to keep German troops from occupying German soil.
Mussolini's war against Ethiopia succeeded because:
Britain feared that if sanctions became too effective, by refusal of oil or by closure of the
Suez Canal, Italy might be provoked into a general war.
The Spanish Civil War was caused by:
the electoral victory of the Popular Front followed by an anti-government insurrection of the
During the Spanish Civil War, all of the following occurred except:
the United States supported the democratically elected government of Spain, allowing it to
import arms for self-defense.
Hitler demanded that Czechoslovakia cede the Sudetenland to Germany because the
was almost all German.
During the 1938 Munich Crisis, the Soviet Union:
urged a firm stand against Hitler's demands.
All of the following help explain why Britain and France caved in to Hitler's demands during
the 1938 Munich Crisis except:
British Prime Minister Chamberlain was acquiesced with Hitler's plan.
One of the reasons for the failure of the negotiations between the U.S.S.R. and Britain to
form an anti-German alliance was:
the Soviets feared they were being maneuvered into bearing the brunt of Nazi attack.
Germany's military success in France rested on:
France's defensive military psychology. French armies unpreparedness for mechanized warfare. an openly defeatist group of leaders in France.
After France's defeat in 1940, it was:
occupied in the north by Germany and in the south by a collaborationist French regime.
After the fall of France, Hitler controlled almost exactly the same geographical area in
With Great Britain standing alone against Hitler, the United States:
offered Great Britain the Lend-Lease policy. sent Great Britain a small shipment of arms. gave Great Britain 50 overage destroyers.
An important factor in the success of the Royal Air Force against the Germans in the 1940
battle of Britain was:
the new radar devices.
All of the following countries joined the Axis powers except:
Hitler attacked the Soviet Union in 1941 for all of the following reasons except:
German spies in the Kremlin informed him that the U.S.S.R. was unprepared for war.
After the German failure to capture Moscow in 1941, Hitler:
fully mobilized the German economy. shifted the main attack to the Caucasus.
In 1942, the Axis powers accomplished all of the following except:
An immediate repercussion of the Allied conquest of Sicily in July-August 1943 was that:
Mussolini fell from power, and Italy was recognized by the Allies as a "cobelligerent."
Allied planning for the invasion of Nazi-occupied France did not include:
landing simultaneously at Calais and Normandy.
General Eisenhower's decision to halt the Anglo-American drive toward Berlin at the Elbe
River was due to all the following except:
was organized and approved at the highest level of Nazi leadership.
American decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan resulted in:
approximately 100,000 people being immediately killed. the Japanese surrender. introduction of an unprecedented threat to human existence.
The demand for the "unconditional surrender" of the Axis powers:
was adopted at Casablanca at American initiative and without much thought to possible
At Yalta, the Big Three reached agreements, at least formally, on:
Poland and eastern Europe. the future of Germany. the war in Asia.
The most difficult issue to resolve at Yalta was:
Poland and eastern Europe.
The Yalta agreement of February 1945, in accordance with the Atlantic Charter, _____.
provided that the countries liberated from the Nazis were to be permitted provisional
governments that were "broadly representative of all democratic elements in the population"
Which of the following agreements was concluded at Yalta with regard to the Far East?
The Soviets were given Japan's Kurile Islands.
Clement Attlee replaced Churchill as Britain's representative at the Potsdam Conference
lost his position as prime minister when the Labour party defeated Churchill's Conservative
party at the polls.
At the Potsdam Conference of July 1945, the Allies agreed on all of the following except:
the terms of the final peace treaty with Germany.
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