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43 terms

Kripalu Anatomy

Kripalu YTT 200 Hour Anatomy
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3 regions of the spine
Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar
Number of cervical vertebrae
7
Number of thoracic vertebrae
12
Number of lumbar vertebrae
5
Main muscles for core stabilization
glutes, obliques (internal and external), rectus abdominus
The acromion process is a part of which joint
shoulder
Bones of the lower leg
Tibia and Fibula
Bones of fore arms
radius and ulna
traction bends are
with gravity
contraction bends are
against gravity
Muscles between the ribs are
the intercostal muscles
Movement toward the center of the body in the coronal plane is
adduction
Movement away from the center of the body inthe coronal plane is
abduction
Ligaments are
fibrous bands connecting bone to bone
Tendons are
fibrous bands connecting bone to muscle
Percent of body weight of muscles
75-80%
Compression is
when there is no space to go deeper into a joint; bone on bone
Tension is
when there is more space to go deeper into the joint; tight/short muscle/tendon/ligament
Flexion
forward bend
Extension
back bends
Frontal plane
divides the body front and back
Sagittal plane
divides the body left and right
Transverse plane
divides the body top and bottom
Frontal plane is also called
Coronal plane
Rotation
Movement in the transverse plane (side to side twists)
External rotation is also
Lateral rotation - rotation away from the center of the body in the transverse plane
Internal rotation is also
Medial rotation - rotation toward the center of the body in the transverse plane
Supination
external rotation of forearm or foot
Pronation
internal rotation of forearm or foot
Horizontal flexion
when arms are 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transvers plane toward the center of the body
Horizontal extension
when are is 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transverse plane away from the center of the body
Retraction
brings the scapulae toward the spine; as in back bends
Protraction
brings the scapulae away from the spine as in Chaturanga
Elevation
when the scapulae moves toward the ears
Depression
when the scapulae moves down the back
Lateral flexion
occurs in the torso as in a side bend
Prime movers
Primary major muscles in a movement
Synergists
assist prime movers
Antagonists
Muscles that are passively stretched in the opposite direction of the prime movers
Stabilizers
Do not perform movement, but fix part(s) of the body to enable movement
Sacral/coccygeal curve
5 sacral vertebrae and 4 coccygeal vertebrae
Kyphosis
Rounding of the thoracic spine
Fascia
connective wrapping around the muscles