Kripalu Anatomy

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Kripalu YTT 200 Hour Anatomy

3 regions of the spine

Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar

Number of cervical vertebrae


Number of thoracic vertebrae


Number of lumbar vertebrae


Main muscles for core stabilization

glutes, obliques (internal and external), rectus abdominus

The acromion process is a part of which joint


Bones of the lower leg

Tibia and Fibula

Bones of fore arms

radius and ulna

traction bends are

with gravity

contraction bends are

against gravity

Muscles between the ribs are

the intercostal muscles

Movement toward the center of the body in the coronal plane is


Movement away from the center of the body inthe coronal plane is


Ligaments are

fibrous bands connecting bone to bone

Tendons are

fibrous bands connecting bone to muscle

Percent of body weight of muscles


Compression is

when there is no space to go deeper into a joint; bone on bone

Tension is

when there is more space to go deeper into the joint; tight/short muscle/tendon/ligament


forward bend


back bends

Frontal plane

divides the body front and back

Sagittal plane

divides the body left and right

Transverse plane

divides the body top and bottom

Frontal plane is also called

Coronal plane


Movement in the transverse plane (side to side twists)

External rotation is also

Lateral rotation - rotation away from the center of the body in the transverse plane

Internal rotation is also

Medial rotation - rotation toward the center of the body in the transverse plane


external rotation of forearm or foot


internal rotation of forearm or foot

Horizontal flexion

when arms are 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transvers plane toward the center of the body

Horizontal extension

when are is 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transverse plane away from the center of the body


brings the scapulae toward the spine; as in back bends


brings the scapulae away from the spine as in Chaturanga


when the scapulae moves toward the ears


when the scapulae moves down the back

Lateral flexion

occurs in the torso as in a side bend

Prime movers

Primary major muscles in a movement


assist prime movers


Muscles that are passively stretched in the opposite direction of the prime movers


Do not perform movement, but fix part(s) of the body to enable movement

Sacral/coccygeal curve

5 sacral vertebrae and 4 coccygeal vertebrae


Rounding of the thoracic spine


connective wrapping around the muscles

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