Kripalu Anatomy

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Kripalu YTT 200 Hour Anatomy

3 regions of the spine

Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar

The acromion process is a part of which joint



Muscles that are passively stretched in the opposite direction of the prime movers

Bones of fore arms

radius and ulna

Bones of the lower leg

Tibia and Fibula

Compression is

when there is no space to go deeper into a joint; bone on bone

contraction bends are

against gravity


when the scapulae moves down the back


when the scapulae moves toward the ears


back bends

External rotation is also

Lateral rotation - rotation away from the center of the body in the transverse plane


connective wrapping around the muscles


forward bend

Frontal plane

divides the body front and back

Frontal plane is also called

Coronal plane

Horizontal extension

when are is 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transverse plane away from the center of the body

Horizontal flexion

when arms are 90 degrees of abduction in line with the shoulder joint in the transvers plane toward the center of the body

Internal rotation is also

Medial rotation - rotation toward the center of the body in the transverse plane


Rounding of the thoracic spine

Lateral flexion

occurs in the torso as in a side bend

Ligaments are

fibrous bands connecting bone to bone

Main muscles for core stabilization

glutes, obliques (internal and external), rectus abdominus

Movement away from the center of the body inthe coronal plane is


Movement toward the center of the body in the coronal plane is


Muscles between the ribs are

the intercostal muscles

Number of cervical vertebrae


Number of lumbar vertebrae


Number of thoracic vertebrae


Percent of body weight of muscles


Prime movers

Primary major muscles in a movement


internal rotation of forearm or foot


brings the scapulae away from the spine as in Chaturanga


brings the scapulae toward the spine; as in back bends


Movement in the transverse plane (side to side twists)

Sacral/coccygeal curve

5 sacral vertebrae and 4 coccygeal vertebrae

Sagittal plane

divides the body left and right


Do not perform movement, but fix part(s) of the body to enable movement


external rotation of forearm or foot


assist prime movers

Tendons are

fibrous bands connecting bone to muscle

Tension is

when there is more space to go deeper into the joint; tight/short muscle/tendon/ligament

traction bends are

with gravity

Transverse plane

divides the body top and bottom

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