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difficulty in swallowing or inability to swallow

primary purposes of eating

nutrition and hydration and pleasure

what are the four stages of swallowing

oral preparatory, oral phase, pharyngeal phase, esophageal phase

what stages are volitional

oral preparatory and oral phases

what stages are reflexive

pharyngeal and esophageal phases


food after it has been chewed and mixed with saliva

two primary problems of dysphagia

patients are unable to get proper nutrition and unable to recover from illness

what is the oral stage of swallow

tongue pushes bolus back then it and enters the pharyngeal area and then the swallow is triggered

what are the two purposes of the pharyngeal phase

protect the airway and to direct the bolus to the stomach

what helps move bolus through the pharynx


when does aspiration occur

when the food enters below the level of the vocal folds

when does penetration occur

when the food enters above the level of the vocal folds

what happens during the anticipatory phase

sight and smell prepare one to eat

what happens during the oral preparatory stage

in this phase food is manipulated and chewed

what happens during the oral phase

the tongue propels bolus backward

what happens during the pharyngeal phase

the swallow response is triggered and the bolus enters the esophagus

what neurological conditions affect swallowing

strokes, tbi, Lou Gehrig's disease, Parkinson's disease and dementia

which neurological condition affects motor abilities alone

lou gehrigs disease

what is a congentital disorder

a disease someone is born with

what is an acquired disorder

something you acquire in life (stroke)

Central Nervous System

composed of brain and spinal cord

Peripheral Nervous System

outside the bony confines of the skull and vertebral column

damage to CNS

aphasia, dementia

what do neurons do

let you command and process

what do glials do

supporting cells

what do the cranial nerves do

feel sensations and deliver motor commands to the muscles of your head and neck

what does the frontal lobe control

motor areas, brocas area, prefrontal cortex

what does the parietal lobe control

spatial info, following directions

what does the temporal lobe control

auditory info and language area

what is in the brainstem

midbrain, pons, medulla

what does the brainstem control

complex motor patterns

what does the cerebellum control


what does the left hemisphere control

language, math, logic, solve problems

what does the right hemisphere control

emotion, spatial

what is aphasia

acquired language disorder due to left hemisphere damage

what is the typical cause of aphasia


what are the two kinds of strokes

anoxia and hemorrhages

what side would be paralyzed if a patient had aphasia

right side

what is spontaneous recovery

the first few days when the brain swelling starts to go down

the aphasia associated with impaired auditory comprehension

Wernicke's Aphasia

aphasia associated with predominant word finding difficulties

Anomic Aphasia

associated with disproportionate inability to repeat what they heard

Conduction Aphasia

what is the most serevely impaired aphasia

mixed and global

two primary goals of treating aphasia

maximizing language abilities and developing compensatory communication

what does ASHA stand for

American Speech Language Hearing Association

preprofessional organization for students in cmd

National Student Speech, Language and Hearing Assocation

5 academic and preprofessional requirements do you need to be a certified SLP

masters degree, 75 semester credit hours, supervised clinical observation, passing score on a national standard exam, 9 month clinical fellowship year under supervision

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