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47 terms

speech pathology quiz 1

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dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing or inability to swallow
primary purposes of eating
nutrition and hydration and pleasure
what are the four stages of swallowing
oral preparatory, oral phase, pharyngeal phase, esophageal phase
what stages are volitional
oral preparatory and oral phases
what stages are reflexive
pharyngeal and esophageal phases
bolus
food after it has been chewed and mixed with saliva
two primary problems of dysphagia
patients are unable to get proper nutrition and unable to recover from illness
what is the oral stage of swallow
tongue pushes bolus back then it and enters the pharyngeal area and then the swallow is triggered
what are the two purposes of the pharyngeal phase
protect the airway and to direct the bolus to the stomach
what helps move bolus through the pharynx
gravity
when does aspiration occur
when the food enters below the level of the vocal folds
when does penetration occur
when the food enters above the level of the vocal folds
what happens during the anticipatory phase
sight and smell prepare one to eat
what happens during the oral preparatory stage
in this phase food is manipulated and chewed
what happens during the oral phase
the tongue propels bolus backward
what happens during the pharyngeal phase
the swallow response is triggered and the bolus enters the esophagus
what neurological conditions affect swallowing
strokes, tbi, Lou Gehrig's disease, Parkinson's disease and dementia
which neurological condition affects motor abilities alone
lou gehrigs disease
what is a congentital disorder
a disease someone is born with
what is an acquired disorder
something you acquire in life (stroke)
Central Nervous System
composed of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
outside the bony confines of the skull and vertebral column
damage to CNS
aphasia, dementia
what do neurons do
let you command and process
what do glials do
supporting cells
what do the cranial nerves do
feel sensations and deliver motor commands to the muscles of your head and neck
what does the frontal lobe control
motor areas, brocas area, prefrontal cortex
what does the parietal lobe control
spatial info, following directions
what does the temporal lobe control
auditory info and language area
what is in the brainstem
midbrain, pons, medulla
what does the brainstem control
complex motor patterns
what does the cerebellum control
coordination
what does the left hemisphere control
language, math, logic, solve problems
what does the right hemisphere control
emotion, spatial
what is aphasia
acquired language disorder due to left hemisphere damage
what is the typical cause of aphasia
stroke
what are the two kinds of strokes
anoxia and hemorrhages
what side would be paralyzed if a patient had aphasia
right side
what is spontaneous recovery
the first few days when the brain swelling starts to go down
the aphasia associated with impaired auditory comprehension
Wernicke's Aphasia
aphasia associated with predominant word finding difficulties
Anomic Aphasia
associated with disproportionate inability to repeat what they heard
Conduction Aphasia
what is the most serevely impaired aphasia
mixed and global
two primary goals of treating aphasia
maximizing language abilities and developing compensatory communication
what does ASHA stand for
American Speech Language Hearing Association
preprofessional organization for students in cmd
National Student Speech, Language and Hearing Assocation
5 academic and preprofessional requirements do you need to be a certified SLP
masters degree, 75 semester credit hours, supervised clinical observation, passing score on a national standard exam, 9 month clinical fellowship year under supervision