Was approved by the stated by a slim margin in 1788. Gave the power for the government to levy taxes, raise a national army, regulate domestic and foreign trade, and create a national currency. Was divided into 3 branches. It included bill of rights which was instituted in March 1789. The bill of rights included the freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly and right to bear arms, protection against unreasonable searches and arrests, trial by jury, due process of law, and protection of property rights.